Peter J. Jacques

University of Central Florida
Department of Political Science

4297 Andromeda Loop N.
Howard Phillips Hall, Rm. 302
Orlando, FL
USA
32816
pjacques@mail.ucf.edu |  Visit Personal Website


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I study sustainability issues, including in coupled systems. I also study civil society interactions through various social and counter-movements, including the World Indigenous Movement, and the Environmental Skeptical and Climate Denial Counter-Movement.

Citation:
Jacques, Peter J. and Claire Connolly Knox. 2016. “Hurricanes and Hegemony: A Qualitative Analysis of Micro-level Climate Denial Discourses,” Environmental Politics,
Abstract: The climate change countermovement and its program of climate change denial have been well documented and studied. However, individual rationales for rejecting climate science remain under-studied. Twitter data related to Hurricane Sandy in 2012 are used to understand why individuals reject the orthodox climate consensus, using a summative content analysis of climate change denial discourses. Three major discourses are discovered: rejecting climate science because climate science is a conspiracy favoring growth of government; opposing renewable energy and energy taxation; and expressing fear of governmental abuse of power. Importantly, each discourse expressed certainty that climate science itself was a wholesale fraud; the denial discourses themselves focused far more on climate politics than on science.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09644016.2016.1189233
Citation:
Jacques, Peter J. 2015 “Are World Fisheries a Global Panarchy?” Marine Policy, 53, 165-170.
Abstract: Problems of overfishing and other stresses to fish populations have continued to grow in scale, from smaller to more global pressures. These pressures are found in changes in the water column, such as through warming, as well as pollution and fishing effort and practices. Single stock collapses have been common, and pressures are building across marine regions. This paper questions whether or not it makes sense from a policy perspective to think of fisheries as a hierarchical global integrated adaptive system, or panarchy. From a policy perspective rules and institutional procedure, actors, and ecosystem dynamics all provide a foundation for many fishery stresses, and casting policy at the wrong scale can provide problems of institutional fitness, as well as set fishing and fishery based social–economic systems up for unexpected crisis. If it makes sense to think of global fisheries as a panarchy, it is plausible that fisheries can collapse at this scale, and policy makers around the world should use measures to build resilience at this level, primarily through reducing slow persistent disturbances while preparing for surprises. This review concludes that certainly fisheries can be viewed at the global scale and a planetary mindset should be included in international fishery policy making that should assert the value of an interconnected ocean and planet beyond simple fish commodities.
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308597X1400325X#
Citation:
“Civil Society, Corporate Power, and Food Security: Counter-Revolutionary Efforts that Limit Social Change,” Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.
Abstract: Food is produced, processed, packaged, transported, and sold in a stable, organized system or food regime. The current food regime is focused on calories empty of substantial nutrition designed primarily for the growth of capital and corporate power, fostered through the lax, often corporate-designed, regulatory environment of neoliberalism. The neoliberal food regime is responsible for systemic malnutrition and erosion of the ecological preconditions for food production, as a regularity of the system itself. Consequently, a main line of food vulnerability is the political system that insulates the current food regime from social forces demanding change. This insecurity is contrary to the public or larger human interest, but this unsustainable system remains in place through a stable arrangement of government prescriptions that follow corporate-elite interests. To understand this structural problem, this essay examines the power of the food industry which requires the manufactured consent of civil society. The paper finds that counter-revolutionary efforts, which are anticipatory and reactive efforts that defend and protect capitalist elite from social change, stabilize the neoliberal food regime through covert tactics meant to undermine public interest critics and activists. As a result of these elite-led interventions, true civil society has become less powerful to articulate a public interest that might otherwise intercede in the operation and structure of the food regime. Thus, one leverage point in this political problem is the capacity of civil society, once it is independent of corporate interests, to remove consent to an abusive system and to debate and demand a food system that neither systematically starves whole groups of people nor destroys the ecological systems that make food possible. Building food security, then, requires recapturing a semi-autonomous civil society and eliminating domination of the corporate elite and replacing it with politics aligned with a public and ecological affinity. Scholars, educators, and the public can reduce the food vulnerability by becoming aware of corporate interests and creating strategic alliances to form a new system with more humane and ecological priorities.
URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13412-015-0294-0
Citation:
Jacques, Peter. 2014.Sustainability: The Basics. Routledge, NY.
Abstract: This book is a primer on the topic of sustainability from a systems perspective.
URL: http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415608480/
Citation:
Jacques, Peter J., Riley E. Dunlap, and Mark Freeman. 2008. "The Organization of Denial: The Link between Conservative Think Tanks and Environmental Skepticism." Environmental Politics 18 (3): 349-385.
Citation:
Jacques, Peter. 2010. "International Regulation of Ocean Pollution and Ocean Fisheries." In International Studies Encyclopedia, Bob Denemark, ed. Volume VII, 4437-4456.
Citation:
Jacques, Peter. 2009. Environmental Skepticism: Ecology, Power and Public Life. Burlington,VT/Surrey UK, Ashgate.

Substantive Focus:
Energy and Natural Resource Policy
Environmental Policy PRIMARY
International Relations SECONDARY
Science and Technology Policy
Urban Public Policy

Theoretical Focus:
Policy History PRIMARY
Policy Analysis and Evaluation SECONDARY
Public Opinion

Keywords

ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY OCEAN POLICY CLIMATE DENIAL FISHERIES SUSTAINABILITY ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY