Nor Ashikin Mohamed Yusof

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Perdana School of STI Policy

Level 6, Menara Razak
Kuala Lumpar, Federal Territory
54100 |  Visit Personal Website

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Interested in looking at policy evaluation process, a considerable a new area of research in Malaysia.

Nor Ashikin Mohamed Yusof & Siti Hasliah Salleh. 2013. "Analytical Hierarchy Process in Multiple Decision-Making for Higher Education in Malaysia." Elsevier Procedia Social & Behavioral Sciences on Science Direct 389-394.
Abstract: Analytical Hierarchy Process originally a mathematical tool is used to develop instrument to upgrade the status of qualified higher education institutions. The AHP approach is a consensus, inclusive base decision without disregarding any opposing views. It simplifies a complex multi decision making process, makes it more systematic, and introduces transparency while saving cost and resources. The AHP begins with building a profile for educational excellent. Within the framework, three layers of components with different criteria and indicators were built on top of each other. The criteria and indicators are changeable. The instrument is generic, flexible and applicable to any institution.
Nor Ashikin Mohamed Yusof. 2013. "Industrial Application as Utility Requirement and the Future of Malaysian Biotechnology Industry." Indian Journal of Applied Research 1-3.
Nor Ashikin Mohamed Yusof. 2013. "Malaysia as Biotechnology Producer: Characters of Local Biotechnology Industry." Global Research Analysis 8-10.
Abstract: Abstract-Malaysia supposedly should not have any problem in becoming a biotechnology producer nation. Malaysia is comparatively more developed than other developing countries and is naturally endowed with bountiful tropical forest, biodiversity, a rich source for genetic materials used as main raw ingredients for biotechnological inventions. In that sense, Malaysia has the extra advantage over other developed nations that are poor in natural resources. The paper investigates the characters of the biotechnology industry locally in preparing the nation towards the national aspiration.
Yusof, Nor Ashikin Mohamed. 2014. "Environment and the Legislative List of the Federal Constitution." Life Science Journal.
Abstract: The Federal Constitution has specifically distributed the legislative powers between Federal and State government as listed in the Ninth Schedule of the Federal Constitution. The lists determine subject matters which legislative body and consequently government has the legal authority to pass laws and act upon accordingly. However environment as a subject matter is left unlisted. The term environment could not be found anywhere in the Federal Constitution. This is unfortunate for Malaysia especially when environment realistically has become one of the biggest concerns amongst Malaysians and international community. The absence has been partly blamed for lack of legal enforcement against polluters and offender of the environment. The study focuses on the status of environment in the Federal Constitution and the possibility of placing the subject matter in any of the three legislative Lists of the Federal Constitution. The study is exploratory in nature. Data are collected from literature reviews, interviews and focus group discussions with experts. The analysis and report of data is done in descriptive and qualitative manner. As an important subject matter, environment is very dynamic. It could be placed under any of the listed Legislative lists of the Federal Constitution.
Nor Ashikin Mohamed Yusof. 2013. "National Policy on Islamic Philanthropy." Islamic Philanthrophy for Ummah Excellence (pp. 11-24). Shah Alam: UiTM Press.
Abstract: This paper proposes a national policy on Islamic philanthropy, so that strategies, action plans or laws, which form parts and parcel of policy could be formulated and designed in ensuring philanthropic activities are done for greater societal benefits. Currently these Islamic philanthropic activities are done on individual or organizational levels and confined in objectives. Those objectives and scope of philanthropic activities should be inclusive and enlarged to include financing technological development and advancement, so that Malaysia could really materialize the aspiration of becoming the first Muslim technology producer nation. The initiative could begin with biotechnology industry. Biotechnology has limitless potentials since it could be used to produce medicine and treatments for diseases, greener technology, better yield of plants, husbandry or agriculture produce, increase the nation’s technological capability, and improve societal quality of life. However, it is an expensive, burdening and risky undertaking. Only big corporations have the financial means to undertake the necessary investment, gathering capitals from stock market, private or public funds. Whereas most of financial support for R&D activities primarily comes from the government. The study is exploratory in nature, using a qualitative and quantitative methodology. Out of 347 biotechnology companies, 173 were involved.
Nor Ashikin Mohamed Yusof. 2015. "Intellectual Property For Economic Development in Muslim Countries; A Case Study On Malaysia In Setting An Appropriate Standard For Non-Obviousness Test For Biotechnology Industry." Social Progress in the Islamic World: Social, Economic,Political and Ideological Challenges. USA: Springer.
Abstract: It is not always easy to establish the utility of biotechnology, a hybrid between basic science research and applied science invention. The conviction becomes twice harder when patent office or courts have traditionally interpreted only applied technology inventions are patentable subject matter. This paper looks at the impacts of employing ‘industrial applicability” and “useful” terminologies as the choice term for second patentability requirement. Legally countries can choose their term of second patentability requirement. Malaysia chose industrial applicability. The concept, definition and standard of industrial applicability are comparatively higher than the “useful” jurisdiction. The choices of term are important and more complicated than mere preference of terms. The small detail could influent the future of an industry and rate of technological progression locally. In context of biotechnology, it determines the survival of the local players and the budding local biotechnology industry. Ironically it is neither the fault of policy makers or law drafters. Some of the fault is attributed to the nature of biotechnology as an invention and lack of technological capabilities of local biotechnology key players.

Substantive Focus:
Law and Policy PRIMARY
Economic Policy
Environmental Policy
Science and Technology Policy SECONDARY

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory
Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation SECONDARY
Policy Analysis and Evaluation PRIMARY