John Duke Anthony

National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations

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Washington, DC
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Dr. John Duke Anthony is the Founding President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations, and currently serves on the United States Department of State Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy and its subcommittees on sanctions, trade and investment. For the fall 2012 semester, he has been appointed Dean's Chair in International Studies and Political Science at the Virginia Military Institute where he teaches the Institute's first-ever course on "Politics of the Arabian Peninsula." An Adjunct Faculty Member of the U.S. Department of Defense’s Defense Institute for Security Assistance Management (DISAM) since 1974, Dr. Anthony has been an Adjunct Professor at the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service’s Center for Contemporary Arab Studies since 2006. Dr. Anthony is the only American to have been awarded a Fulbright Fellowship in the former People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (1969-1970). Dr. Anthony is the only American to have been invited to each of the Gulf Cooperation Council’s Ministerial and Heads of State Summits since the GCC’s inception in 1981. (The GCC is comprised of Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates). He holds a Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington, D.C. where he was appointed to the SAIS full time faculty in 1973 while still a student. For nearly a decade, Dr. Anthony taught courses on the Arabian Peninsula and the Gulf States at SAIS. He has been a Visiting and Adjunct Professor at the Defense Intelligence College, the Woodrow Wilson School of Government and Foreign Affairs at the University of Virginia, the Universities of Pennsylvania and Texas, the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, the Oxford Center for Islamic Studies, the American University in Cairo, and the National War College.

Anthony, John Duke. 2011. “Strategic Dynamics of Iran-GCC relations.” Seznec, Jean-Francois, and Mimi Kirk, eds. Industrialization in the Gulf: A Socioeconomic Revolution (pp. 78-102). New York: Routledge.
Abstract: After acknowledging the common interests between Tehran and the capitals of the GCC countries, Dr. Anthony examines and evaluates the basis for the pervasive mistrust and suspicion that lie at the heart of most of the GCC countries’ perceptions of and relations with Iran. In so doing, he analyzes and assesses “Eight Seeds of Distrust” (eight case studies) that, based on his long familiarity with the subject, provide context, background, and perception underscoring the GCC countries’ pervasive unease in dealing with Iran in sensitive foreign policy matters. Dr. Anthony posits that it is to be expected that many among Tehran’s government representatives take exception to the GCC countries’ grounds for suspicion of Iranian motives. Even so, he argues that Iran’s actions, policies, and positions on matters of importance to the GCC states — in particular, its interference in what most GCC citizens regard as primarily Arab-centric issues — explain why so many of the GCC region’s leaders harbor ongoing doubts and suspicions regarding Iran’s intentions in regional and global affairs. Dr. Anthony’s essay is interspersed with analyses of the continuing impact of Great Britain’s long imperial legacy, the inevitable rise of America’s regional hegemony, and the implications for those two nations– as well as for the GCC countries, Iraq, Iran, and the world beyond — of the Gulf’s ongoing globally vital strategic importance.
Anthony, John Duke. 2012. “The Future Significance of the Gulf Cooperation Council.” The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, ed. Global Strategic Developments: A Futuristic Vision (pp. 63-103). Abu Dhabi: The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research.
Abstract: Dr. Anthony’s essay on “The Future Significance of the Gulf Cooperation Council” provides insight about GCC involvement in regional issues including the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war, the 1990-91 Kuwait Crisis, the 2011 Bahrain Crisis, and much else. Looking forward ten or twenty years, can the GCC countries be expected to play similar roles? Is it likely that, collectively or individually, the members would act to deny success to a non-GCC country that sought to intimidate or attack a GCC member? Dr. Anthony discusses these kinds of questions and more in his analysis of this unique and exceptional sub-regional organization.
Anthony, John Duke. 2011. “The Intervention in Bahrain through the Lenses of its Supporters.” Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research.
Abstract: This essay from Dr. Anthony analyzes the Gulf Cooperation Council’s response to Bahrain’s request for defense assistance in March 2011.
Anthony, John Duke. 2011. “Saudi Arabian Ambassadors to America in Context: The Diplomatic and Geopolitical Lives of Ambassadors Prince Bandar, Prince Turki, and Adel Al-Jubeir.” Website of the National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations.
Abstract: This essay from Dr. Anthony examines the diplomatic and geopolitical challenges and opportunities for the three most recent Saudi Arabian Ambassadors to the United States: Prince Bandar, Prince Turki, and Adel Al-Jubeir. Dr. Anthony wrote an earlier biography of Adel Al-Jubeir for the Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East & North Africa in 2007. Centgage Learning, the publisher of that two-volume work, has granted permission to reprint the earlier version and to bring the essay up to date.

Substantive Focus:
Energy and Natural Resource Policy
Defense and Security SECONDARY
International Relations PRIMARY

Theoretical Focus: