Liselotte Odgaard

Royal Danish Defence College
Institute for Strategy

Ryvangs Alle 1
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My current research focuses on China's maritime strategy in the South and East China Sea, China-EU relations after BREXIT, and Chinese-Russian strategic cooperation and the possibilities of strategic reassurance between China and the US. Recent and forthcoming publications include "Maritime Security in East Asia: Peaceful Coexistence and Active Defense in China’s Diaoyu/Senkaku Policy" published in the Journal of Contemporary China in the autumn of 2016, a four-volume work on the major publications on Chinese security (co-editor Mathieu Duchâtel, ECFR) due to be published in 2017 with Routledge, and an op-ed in the New York Times on China's South China Sea policy in December 2015, cf.

Liselotte Odgaard, "Maritime Security in East Asia: Peaceful Coexistence and Active Defense in China’s Diaoyu/Senkaku Policy", Journal of Contemporary China, Autumn 2016
Abstract: The origins and role of the concepts of peaceful coexistence and active defense in Chinese foreign policy are investigated and applied to China’s policy toward the Diaoyu/Senkakus. The dominant moderate conceptual strategic thinking encourages Beijing to aim for the establishment of a modus vivendi with Washington and Tokyo that involves a de facto presence of China alongside both the US and Japan. However, Beijing’s signaling is complicated by radical voices that undercut coexistence.
Liselotte Odgaard. 2013. "China’s Coexistence Strategy and the Consequences for World Order." Jamestown Foundation: China Brief 13 (11).
Liselotte Odgaard. 2013. "A New Strategic World Order: Implications for Europe." Conflict Management and Peacebuilding: Pillars of a New American Grand Strategy. Robert H. Dorff and Volker Franke, eds. Carlisle: Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College.
Liselotte Odgaard and Jens H. Garly. 2011. "Strategic Studies at the Royal Danish Defence College." Militært Tidsskrift 140 (4):4-8.
Liselotte Odgaard, ‘In-Between Order: An Assessment of US and Chinese Programs of International Order’/‘Entre l’anarchie et l’ordre: Les programmes américain et chinois d’ordre international." Air and Space Power Journal – Africa and Francophonie (ASPJ–A&F), 4th Quarter. 2012. pp. 23-46.
Liselotte Odgaard. 2013. "Between Integration and Coexistence: U.S.-Chinese Strategies of International Order." Strategic Studies Quarterly 7 (1):15-39.
Liselotte Odgaard. 2013. "Between Integration and Coexistence: U.S.-Chinese Strategies of International Order." Strategic Studies Quarterly 7 (1):15-39.
Liselotte Odgaard. 2013. "Peaceful Coexistence Strategy and China’s Diplomatic Power." Chinese Journal of International Politics 6 (3):233-272.
Liselotte Odgaard and Thomas G. Nielsen. 2013. "China’s Counterinsurgency Strategy in Tibet and Xinjiang." Journal of Contemporary China 23 (87):1-21.
Liselotte Odgaard, "The United Nations in Chinese security", in Lowell Dittmer and Maochun Yu (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Chinese Security, London: Routledge, 2015, pp. 201-216.
Abstract: The question of the role of the UN in Chinese security is at the heart of China's attempt to influence the set-up of the current world order. For a rising great power, influencing the context of international politics is a less risky strategy than trying to change the behaviour of other states directly. China's relationship with the UN is one way of influencing the context, by persuading other member states to shape the rules of international conduct as recommended by China. This type of influence limits the range of actions available to other states, and it is in this light that the UN's role in Chinese security must be assessed after the Cold War.
Coning, Cedric de, Thomas Mandrup and Liselotte Odgaard. Editors. 2014. The BRICS and Coexistence: An Alternative vision of world order. New York: Routledge. Series Global Institutions edited by Thomas G. Weiss and Rorden Wilkinson
Abstract: 'As the 2014 Fortaleza Summit confirmed, the BRICS' growing market power translates into geopolitical clout to restructure the global order into a more equitable, rules-based system that respects diversity. This book will be essential to understanding the BRICS as both a normative and a political project'. Ramesh Thakur, Australian National University, Editor-in-Chief, Global Governance
Odgaard, Liselotte. Editor. 2014. Strategy in NATO: Preparing for an Imperfect World. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Abstract: This edited volume addresses the challenges and opportunities facing NATO post-2014, applyiing an original approach to strategy that produces fresh insights into this hot topic with the international security community. The authors combine definitions of of the key strategic variables - time, position, legitimacy, implementation structure, and capabilities - in international relations literature on strategy with the differentiation of strategic processes into the categories of grand, security, and theater strategy in the strategic studies literature. They address NATO's internal dynamics and the role of significant members and partners, and how these influence NATO's conflict management. This volume demonstrates Means of identifying challenges and opportunities in NATO's strategy formulation and implementation and how they can be used for the purpose of more efficient and accurate planning
Odgaard, Liselotte. 2011. China and Coexistence: Beijing's National Security Strategy for the 21st Century. Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press/Johns Hopkins University Press.
Abstract: Peaceful coexistence, long a key phrase in China's strategic thinking, is a constructive doctrine that offers China a path for influencing the international system, according to Liselotte Odgaard. Peaceful coexistence emphasizes absolute sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of other states, crucial to China's international posture. And because peaceful coexistence pursues nonviolent dispute resolution through dialogue and compromise, it can give a rising power like China considerable international influence without requiring it to act as a great power militarily or economically.rnLiselotte Odgaard presents the origins of peaceful coexistence in early Soviet doctrine, its midcentury development by China and India, and its ongoing appeal to developing countries. She reveals the opportunities it offers China through a comparative study of other aspiring great powers in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. And to study China's handling of actual tensions, Odgaard examines China's border disputes in the South China Sea, with Russia, and with India; diplomacy in the UN Security Council over Iran, Sudan, and Myanmar; and handling of challenges to the legitimacy of China's regime from Taiwan, Xinjiang, and Japan.

Substantive Focus:
Defense and Security PRIMARY
International Relations SECONDARY

Theoretical Focus:
Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation SECONDARY
Policy Analysis and Evaluation PRIMARY