Marie-Louise Mangion

University of Malta
Department of Public Policy

Department of Public Policy, Faculty of Economics, Management and Accountancy
University of Malta
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My current research focus is on policies affecting a nation's competitiveness, primarily governance in institutions, education and European Union membership. Utilising econometric models for evidence-based policy-making is another focus of my research. Having worked for over 20 years in tourism policy-making and economic and market research within the national tourism authority, my sectoral specialisation is tourism. Other research interests include environmental policy, policy formulation and competitiveness..

Mangion, Marie-Louise. 2017. "Tourism in Malta: Policies and Performance(1958-2015)." Mario T. Vassallo and Carmel Tabone O.P., eds. Public Life in Malta II - Papers on Governance, Politics and Public Affairs in the EU's Smallest Member State (pp. 175-211). Msida: Department of Public Policy, Faculty of Economics, Management and Accountancy, University of Malta.
Abstract: Tourism is a major pillar of the Maltese economy. Over the years, the Government of Malta has sought to support tourism through its policies. This paper presents an analytical narrative of the policies which have influenced the development of tourism in Malta from 1958 to 2015. It explains the markets that were targeted throughout the years, the resulting tourism demand for Malta and how the supply side acted or reacted to policy changes and market forces. The paper particularly focuses on the policies that were aimed at the destination’s major source market, outlining how tourism from the UK to Malta developed as a consequence. The fifty-seven years of tourism are categorised into seven development stages based on Butler’s (1980) tourism lifecycle stages. Seven dominant policy modes are identified for each of the development stages, namely (1) initiation (2) hedging (3) crises (4) proactive (5) adaptation (6) market-oriented revitalisation and (7) collaboration. Each of these seven stages depict the existence of a relationship between policy (specifically policy output) and tourism performance (outcomes).
Mangion, Marie-Louise; Durbarry, Ramesh and Sinclair, M. Thea. 2005. “Tourism Competitiveness: Price and Quality.” Tourism Economics 11(1): 45-68.
Abstract: The price competitiveness of tourism destinations is examined at the national level using the Almost Ideal Demand System model. The extent to which changes in the characteristics of package holidays in destinations contribute to a change in the price of the packages is then examined using hedonic pricing models. The results show that the price sensitivities of tourism demand vary considerably between destinations, so that monitoring relative price competitiveness is important. The characteristics that have significant effects on package prices are identified, assisting policy makers in their choice of which characteristics to enhance with a view to increasing the returns from tourism.
Mangion, Marie-Louise; Cooper, Chris; Cortes-Jimenez, Isabel and Durbarry Ramesh. 2012. "Measuring the effect of subsidization on tourism demand and destination competitiveness through the AIDS model: An evidence-based approach to tourism policymaking." Tourism Economics 18 (6): 1251-1272.
Abstract: There is increasing recognition of the need for improved policymaking in tourism and the consequent evaluation of tourism public policies. This paper demonstrates the usefulness of econometric modelling for tourism policy analysis, showing that crucial information is generated from such econometric policy analysis. A dynamic Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) model is used to quantify the impact on demand elasticity of Malta's policy of supporting British inclusive tour holidays. Such analysis can contribute to improved policymaking as the policymaker is informed about how and to what extent the market has responded to previous policies – thus promoting an evidence-based approach to tourism policymaking.
DOI: 10.5367/te.2012.0167

Substantive Focus:
Economic Policy SECONDARY
Environmental Policy
Comparative Public Policy PRIMARY
Urban Public Policy

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory SECONDARY
Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation
Policy Analysis and Evaluation PRIMARY