José Real-Dato

University of Almería (Spain)
Department of Law (area of Political Science and Publica Administration)

Facultad de Derecho, Universidad de Almería
Carretera de Sacramento s/n
La Cañada de San Urbano, Almería
04120 |  Visit Personal Website

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In the areas of public policy and governance, I am currently interested in the following topics: the use of soft law as an instrument to promote regional (European) integration in the field of research policy; the comparison of theoretical lenses of the policy process; the study of citizens' and political elites' attitudes towards the Europeanization of policy-making; and the aspects related to the communicative design of public policies.

Real-Dato, José and Francisco Javier Alarcón-González (2015) "Iberian Elites and their Attitudes toward the Europeanization of Policy Making", in M. Jerez-Mir, J. Real-Dato and R. Vázquez-García (eds.) Iberian Elites and the European Union: Perceptions Towards the European Integration Process of Political and Socioeconomic Elites in Portugal and Spain. Granada: Universidad de Granada, pp. 115-154.
-Real-Dato, José and Juan Rodríguez Teruel (2016) "Politicians, experts or both? Democratic delegation and junior ministers in Spain", Acta Politica, 51(4), 492-516
Abstract: This article aims at contributing to a better understanding of the role of junior ministers (JMs) in contemporary parliamentary governments. Using principal–agent theory, we attempt to shed light on the content of the delegation relationship between JMs and their principals, mainly cabinet ministers and the prime minister. By applying categorical principal components analysis, we examine recruitment patterns in order to clarify whether JMs tend to focus on policy outputs, party building or political projection and management. The analysis employs data on all the Spanish Secretarios de Estado (SEs) from the creation of the office in 1977 until 2010. The results suggest that delegation to SEs mostly emphasizes policy outputs, since expertise dominates as a recruitment feature, though political skills and party connections are also valued complementary assets.
DOI: DOI 10.1057/ap.2016.6
Real-Dato, José, György Lengyel and Borbala Göncz. 2012. "National Elites' Preferences on the Europeanization of Policy-Making." Heinrich Best, György Lengyel, and Luca Verzichelli, eds. The Europe of Elites: a Study into the Europeanness of Europe's Economic and Political Elites (pp. 67-93). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Abstract: A comparative analysis of the preferences of domestic elites in EU member states regarding the Euroopeanization of policy-making and the patterns explaining such preferences. The chapter is one of the outcomes of the INTUNE project, funded by the European Union's 6th Framework Programme (CIT3-CT-2005-513421).
URL: http://
Real-Dato, José. 2009. "Mechanisms of Policy Change: A Proposal for a Synthetic Explanatory Framework." Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis 11 (1):117-143.
Abstract: Since the early 1990s, the theoretical debate on policy change in the field of policy studies has been clearly dominated by three major reference approaches – the advocacy coalition framework (ACF), the punctuated-equilibrium theory (PET), and the multiple streams approach (MS). Their success led the reference approaches to evolve separately without explicitly establishing communication across theoretical boundaries. This has greatly limited the advance of the debate in order to get a better understanding of policy change. The three reference approaches have proved to offer widely contrasting and accepted accounts of policy change. They also present a number of shortcomings which render partial the explanations and limit their applicability. Starting from the analysis of these points, this article is devoted to the main purpose of presenting a synthetic theoretical framework that both profits from the strengths and commonalities of the three reference approaches – by emphasizing the complementarity of the causal explanations they devise – and solves the detected problems – through providing a more precise specification of theoretical relationships among the conceptual elements of the framework.
DOI: 10.1080/13876980802648268
Chou, Meng-Hsuan and José Real-Dato. 2014. "Translating the 'European Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers in National arenas: Norway vs. Spain". Meng-Hsuan Chou and Ase Gornitzka, eds. Building the Knowledge Economy in Europe: New Constellations in European Research and Higher Education Goverance (pp. 51-80). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Abstract: Researcher mobility is a central pillar of the European Research Area (ERA) and this chapter examines the main instrument formally adopted for its promotion: the 'European Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers' (European Commission 2005). The Charter and the Code (CC), as the name implies, is a set of 40 principles outlining the rights, duties and obligations of researchers, their employers and funders. In essence, the CC lays the foundation on which a more detailed human resource (HR) policy for researchers could be elaborated. The general idea is that, with the CC acting as a baseline for a HR policy, Europe would become a more attractive destination for research. The CC is a non-binding instrument. The Commission of the European Union (EU) adopted it in 2005 and, while some 170 institutions representing 19 countries endorsed it by 2006, its implementation was considered 'slow' (European Commission 2007, p. 4). According to an external evaluation carried out for the European Commission, a fundamental problem concerned a general lack of awareness of the CC amongst researchers even within those institutions that formally endorsed it (European Commission 2009, p. 25). This led the European Commission to launch the 'Human Resource Strategy for Researchers' (HRS4R) in 2008 to assist institutions in the implementation of the CC at the national and institutional levels.
DOI: 10.4337/9781782545293.00008

Substantive Focus:
Governance SECONDARY
Science and Technology Policy PRIMARY

Theoretical Focus:
Policy History SECONDARY
Policy Process Theory PRIMARY