Costantinos Berhutesfa Costantinos

School of Gradaute Studies, AAU
College of Business & Econmics

13309 Africa Avenue
Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa
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This theme of the research augurs on challenges and opportunities in interfacing research, policy and practice for sustainable African development: an integrated package of policy, technology and investment strategies together with appropriate decision-making tools which are used together to promote sustainable livelihoods by building on local adaptive strategies. The aim of the research is the production of knowledge on current and priority issues the research-policy- practice nexus in order to better feed into the requirements of participatory assessment, planning and research-outreach interface (ROI) in policy formulation and results-oriented strategic programme management. The Research Protocol for the ROI presents questions, guidelines and issues which the study must address and adhere to. In order to realize the goals and objectives of the nexus, the research seeks to capture the synergies arising out of the interaction between contemporary and indigenous knowledge, and the conditions and processes which produce and reinforce home growing actionable policies.

Costantinos, Berhutesfa 2013. "Unleashing Africa's Resilience: Pan African Renaissance in a New African Century" Indianapolis, Lulu Pubkishing,
Abstract: Africa’s resilience stems from impressive GDP Growth, progress in innovation, improved overall peace, security, and progress in respect for constitutional order, although there is still much to be desired. DRC alone can legally tap its twenty-four trillion worth of mineral deposits for resilience and transformation. The potential for agricultural investments are vast and coming. The indigenous bourgeoisie is growing. Africa is also being weaned from weak institutions, corruption, impunity... Some of the analytical challenges the book addresses are a trend where nations are hooked to donors. Thanks to these states, the aid industry is the largest single account today, after finance and hence, the competing claims for the resources by national and international organizations. Secondly, the boom addresses the tendency to narrow Africa’s ‘rebirth’ to terms and categories of immediate, not very well considered, social action and inattention to problems of articulating our enlightenment within local politics than as abstract possibilities. This compounded by ambiguity as to whether society is the agent or object enlightenment when viewed from a nearly exclusive concern in certain institutional perspectives with generic attributes of society and consequent neglect of analysis in terms of specific strategies and performances. Africa needs a plural set of political systems, which promote and protect responsible, vibrant and prudent civil society and indigenous bourgeoisie that attract foreign direct investment. Africa must engender a new breed of businesses that are free of exploitation and corruption. The era of colonial type emergency interventionist development is simply untenable. Creating an economic society and legal empowerment of the poor requires access to justice, property rights, labor rights, entrepreneurial rights and mainstreaming innovation and investment in the vision and mission Africans. These demand clearly defined and focused innovation and human capital investment doorways in order to maintain the critical focus and to make an impact.
2013. "Institutional & Programming Innovations in Response to Humanitarian Crises: Changing Local Capacities, Roles and Ownership: Social Media Platforms, Resourcing and Financing, Partnerships and Coordination. African Union and UN OCHA.
Abstract: This article describes the conflicts, corruption, disasters, poverty and pandemics have often threatened Africa with a calamity unforeseen even during the Great African Famine of the eighties that affected 150 million Africans. While many proposals for remedial action have been formulated for vulnerability and poverty that haunt the region, real commitment to collaborative processes at inter- and intra-organizational level has always been limited. Mobilizing the action required has also remained a daunting challenge, as many practical and structural constraints militate against commitment by individual groups to organizational initiatives nationally and regionally. The tragedy, which took such a heavy toll of life over the past years, has highlighted fundamental weakness in the international humanitarian partnership. The complex political, economic, social and cultural phenomena of state failure are little understood with states plagued by rampant corruption, predatory elites who have long monopolized power, an absence of the rule of law and severe ethnic or religious divisions. Nonetheless, the ability of states to strip people of their rights to livelihoods security, behind the thin veneer ‘non interference in each others internal affairs’ is increasingly being challenged. While the African Union’s political evolution may allow such novelties, how do the responsibility to protect (R2P) and right to assistance (R2A) projects pursue their goals consistently in varying contexts, but do so without resorting to a self-defeating, overly scripted and stage-managed political ‘play’?. Transitions from humanitarian crises to effective and capable states can be explained with reference to two institutional factors: institutions and rules. Hence, new global donor strategies should focus on the different stages of humanitarian capacity building of crises states: conflict prevention, containment and peace-building and post-conflict reconstruction in the social, political and economic spheres. Strategies need to be simultaneously ‘objective’, dealing with substantive issues and the institutional mechanisms for response, and ‘subjective’, in developing the awareness, understanding and expectations at all levels.
Costantinos, BT. 2011. "The Green Society and Climate Change Adaptation." London: Public Policy Perspectives.
Abstract: The fundamental mission of this post-graduate textbook in Sustainable Development Management and Climate Change Adaptation is to address the issue of popular participation within the context of using it as a strategy, as a project design tool, as a means for development and as an end in itself - a vehicle for self-assertion and citizenship. In this connection, it addresses participation in programmes and projects. Unfortunately, this could take the form of coercion, the infamous African development campaigns, and structural adjustment programmes and co-optation of people into works with premeditated agency objectives. The main locus of the book is to address development in as far as it is an instrument enabling people to participate in building endogenous models of climate change adaptation and sustainable development. It is also about nationhood building and participation in citizenship that takes the shape of liberational self-empowerment; defining the requisite basis for participation in development and local governance; and monitoring the degree of rootedness of people’s ideals of development.
Costantitnos, BT. 2012. "Legislative and Institutional Pathways Interfacing the Research, Policy and Practice Nexus: Pathways for Translating Research Evidence through Policy to Practice." Nairobi: African Technology Policy Studies Network.
Abstract: Analytical challenges to the research-policy- practice nexus are generally are marked by several limitations: a tendency to narrow the nexus to the terms and categories of immediate, not very well considered, political and social action, a naïve realism, as it were; inattention to problems of articulation or production of global systems and process within local politics rather than simply as formal or abstract possibilities; a nearly exclusive concern in certain institutional perspectives on policy-practice nexus with generic attributes and characteristics of social, economic, cultural and political organisations and consequent neglect of analysis in terms of their specific strategies and performances; ambiguity as to whether civil society, African academia and think tanks are agents or objects of change; and inadequate treatment of the role of policy transfers from the Bretton Wood Institutions and of relations between global and indigenous aspects or dimensions of these policy transfers. The study concluded that policy there is no single factor that influences implementation, and there is no single theory that explains implementation challenges. The political context and intellectual environment with in which policy is formulated and implemented explains the success in interfacing the research-policy- practice nexus.
URL: http://
Costantinos, BT. 2009. "Stemming State Fragility, Failure and Collapse." BookSurge Publishing.
Abstract: This article covers the human security, state fragility and collapse is about over twenty African nations fulfill the criteria of failing polities. These are states, which lack viable institutional pillars and a robust meritocratic system consequential as a tried and tested route to success in constitutional democracy and governance. Indeed, the human rights norms and principles of stemming the tide of human and especially women and children's vulnerability to violence are the bedrock of the modern notion of human security today. The story of all women in conflict ridden Africa is repeatedly the same as if the prescriptions for rape has been commandeered and organized by a central organs carefully synergized for maximum impact. Women and girls who have been publicly raped in front of their families and communities (Rwanda, DRC, Darfur...) have only been to tell their stories to human rights groups. Violence against civilian populations and acts of gender-bias such as mass rape are increasingly common features of war and conflict that transcend economic, social, ethnic, and geographical lines. These have profound physical and psychological consequences for the women who have been raped, for their families and for future generations.

Substantive Focus:
Law and Policy SECONDARY
Economic Policy
Education Policy
Energy and Natural Resource Policy
Environmental Policy
Social Policy
Comparative Public Policy PRIMARY
Urban Public Policy

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory PRIMARY
Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation SECONDARY
Policy Analysis and Evaluation