Edward M. Proctor

The Logan Thornton Institute for Policy Studies and Research

Atlanta, GA

Search Google Scholar
Search for Google Scholar Profile

My research agenda focuses on a variety of policy arenas including international relations, comparative public policy, housing, regulatory and statutory takings, land use and the environment, prevention research related to health disparities, and evaluation and implementation studies. I am especially interested in research pursuits involving the Middle East and the Far East. I am a member of the International Editorial Board of the Digest of Middle East Studies. Over the past few years I have made several trips to Egypt, Jordan, Turkey, Morocco, India, China, Tibet, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Cambodia and the Czech Republic in order to broaden my knowledge and understanding of the people, their diverse cultures and the issues impacting policy at the country, region and international levels.

Proctor, Edward. 2012. "Civil Society in a Time of Social Inequity and Economic Disparity: Overcoming Challenges that Corrupt Democratic Governance in the Middle East." Paper presented at the International Conference on Democratic Governance, University of Pennsylvania.
Abstract: This paper examines the fundamental principles of democracy and argues that while such principles can promote social equality and a fairly stable standard of living, they can just as easily generate and prolong social inequity and economic disparity. Democratization of former authoritarian regimes is not a simple matter. The ongoing struggle to democratize Egypt after the fall of Hosni Mubarak and the upheaval over the creation of a new nation in Libya following the demise of Moammar Qaddafi, are both in stark contrast to the war Bashar al-Assad is waging against the insurgency in Syria. While some authoritarian and autocratic regimes in the Middle East are feeling the pangs of the Arab Spring, others thrive by making strategic adjustments in governance and promises of reform. To understand the challenges that corrupt democratic governance in the Middle East, this paper turns to political theory to establish a context for understanding the issues in connection with the political economies of the region. In closing the paper proposes policy alternatives and practical strategies that may add value to the debate.
Proctor, Edward. 2011. "Macroeconomic Principles of Subsidized Housing in China: The Value of Private Sector Practices and Public-Private Partnerships." Paper presented at the Second Conference of the Ningbo-Nottingham International Finance Forum sponsored by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the Centre for Global Finance, University of Nottingham-Ningbo, Ningbo, China.
Abstract: This paper explores and conceptualizes an approach to assuage China’s macroeconomic affordable housing dilemma and potential market crisis looming large in its volatile housing market. Guiding principles will be presented that define meaningful public-private partnerships, which will suggest that, for China, such partnerships must be mission driven and established around clearly achievable economic benefits. Public-private partnerships must be grounded in sound business practices that add value and attract foreign investment without compromising the socioeconomic fabric of a culturally diverse nation. Housing must be sustainable and create healthy living environments that not only offer shelter and different forms of ownership but offer viable solutions for improving the long-term lives of people in new communities. Government intervention at the macroeconomic level will not be fully successful without private investment in mission driven strategies that, in the final analysis, are grounded in social responsibility.
Proctor, Edward. 2009. "The Greening of John Locke.” Paper presented at Ecocity World Summit 2009." Conference, Istanbul, Turkey.
Abstract: In the Second Treatise of Government, John Locke asserted that the great and chief end of government is the preservation of property. Proponents of the primacy of property rights over environmental sustainability exploit Locke’s political philosophy to champion various claims that absolute property rights should have precedence over environmental policies enacted by a regime. Contrary to such claims, this paper argues that a more accurate interpretation of Locke's political theory establishes that government has the legitimate authority to delimit the use of property in promulgating environmental policy for the good of civil society. I present my own concept of Locke’s political philosophy - the Neo-Lockean Response, which posits that the limitation on the use of property as a means to protect the environment is a legitimate exercise of government. However, such limitations are not without cost to the regime. Government, in preserving the interests of all citizens, must compensate property owners for legitimate economic losses incurred due to regulatory takings and other land use restrictions in connection with environmental policy. The Neo-Lockean Response focuses on regime values that balance the public good among the various factions of civil society in accord with achievable environmental policy that is decisive, effective and equitable.
Proctor, Edward. 2009. “The Tragedy of the Urban Commons: Housing Policy Values and Equivocation.” Paper presented at City Futures ’09 – International Conference on Globalism and Urban Change, Madrid, Spain, June 2009.
Abstract: Housing policy research has a precarious link to overarching theory. Any resemblance to replicable phenomena, though interesting and noteworthy, is coincidental and, at best, existential in the context of time, place and human interventions. Complexity in its most visceral form beguiles the rank and file of positivist scholars into believing that the application of algebraic expressions and algorithms, alone, can explicate the human dynamic, a dynamic that is galvanized by political, social and personal self-interest. Positivism invites a construct of equivocation with an internal bias that seeks to influence values that are ineffective in informing housing policy. In using the “tragedy of the urban commons” as a contextual metaphor to describe the disconnect between positivist policy research and housing policy outcomes, I challenge quantitative researchers and qualitative thinkers, alike, to engage in a pragmatic dialogue around housing policy values, practices and demonstrable outcomes.
Proctor, Edward. 2013. Review of How Happy to Call Oneself a Turk by Gavin D. Brockett. Digest of Middle East Studies 22 (1):136-139.
Abstract: The thesis of this book rests on the supposition that Turkey’s provincial print media was largely responsible for inspiring a popular Muslim movement that, ultimately, would shape the country's national identity. This provincial movement emerged seven years after the death of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and became a meaningful medium for proselytizing Islamic doctrine during the ten-year period immediately following the end of World War II. Notwithstanding the depth and breadth of Gavin Brockett’s extensive socio-historical research of Turkish print media, crediting the actualization of Turkey's national identity to an esoteric time capsule of ephemera, while marginalizing the contributions of Atatürk, is an unpersuasive argument. This review examines Brockett’s notion that newspapers, pamphlets and other forms of print media published in Turkey's provincial towns and villages were more relevant in creating the nation’s popular identity than Atatürk, whose bold leadership built the nation, without which there could be no identity, and laid the foundation for its ever evolving modernity.
Proctor, Edward. 2012. "Right to Housing." Andrew T. Carswell, ed. The Encyclopedia of Housing, Second Edition (pp. 639-642). Los Angeles: Sage Publications.
Abstract: This article describes various human rights declarations, laws and treaties promulgated to establish a "right to housing" both in the United States and internationally. The conclusion highlights the need for a comprehensive global strategy that not only promotes the provision of housing but also addresses the social realities confronting people everywhere.
Proctor, Edward. 2011. Review of Islamism and Democracy in India by Irfan Ahmad. Digest of Middle East Studies 20 (1):128-131.
Abstract: Central to Ahmad's thesis and a larger consideration is the dissonance between Islamism and democracy. Although Jamaat-e-Islami is an ever-evolving moderate organization, the question must be posed - can Muslims coexist in a secular framework of governance while balancing their Muslim faith and devotion to Islam?
Proctor, Edward. 2011. Review of Agriculture and Reform in Syria by Raymond Hinnebusch, Atieh El Hindi, Mounzer Khaddam, and Myriam Ababsa. Digest of Middle East Studies 20 (2): 326-329.
Abstract: While the book stresses the need and reasons for agricultural reform in Syria, the review posits that broader and more meaningful reform and equitable social change must take place considering the harsh stance Bashar al-Assad has taken with respect to the people of Syria.

Substantive Focus:
Law and Policy
Economic Policy
Environmental Policy
Health Policy
International Relations PRIMARY
Social Policy
Comparative Public Policy SECONDARY

Theoretical Focus:
Policy History
Policy Process Theory
Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation SECONDARY
Policy Analysis and Evaluation PRIMARY