Nzino Munongo Victorine Ghislaine

Centre for National Education

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Yaounde , Centre

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Concept of Sustainable development

“Women and Non Timber Forest Product Exploitation: the case of Prunus Africana in the Highlands of Mount Cameroon” in International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies Vol. 7 No. 1, July 2014, pp. 17-24. Fernande Abanda Ngoumnjuen et Nzino Munongo Victorine.
Abstract: Prunus Africana (P.A.) is an essence of mountainous areas whose bark is sought after in the international market for the treatment of benign prostate hypertrophy. This product is found particularly in the surroundings of Mount Cameroon, where women's groups play a crucial role in the marketing channel of some Non Timber Forest Products (NTFP). However, this specie’s exploitation is strictly framed by the standards of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna, making it an extremely vulnerable resource that is threatened by the effects of climate change. This contribution has as purpose to question the implication of rural women of the Mount Cameroon region in the value chain of PA, a Non Timber Forest Product that is a resource of important value in the forestry product trade; also, to appreciate the relationship between the resource profitability and inequity in access. In general, the initial hypothesis about different practices in link with gender forestry work is that men mostly take part in the activities of big forestry companies, such as the felling of trees, meanwhile NTFPs consumed in households or sold in order to have a little income are mainly carried out by women. This is not the case for Prunus Africana, a Non Timber Forest Product which is sought after by international pharmaceutical industries and is flourishing in trade. Women in the Highlands of Mount Cameroon are particularly active in the exploitation of natural resources such as Gnetum and honey, yet the exploitation of Prunus is still labeled as a male activity. Thus, it is proved at the end of this study that gender issue is actually not a priority in Prunus Africana sustainable management policies. However, the current forestry issue requires the implementation of gender-specific measures to enforce the involvement the women of Mount Cameroon Region in the sustainable management of this resource, whose exploitation is protected at the international level for more efficiency. This initiative is currently in reflection among the actors involved in the management of Prunus Africana in the region of Mount Cameroon.
Victorine Ghislaine NZINO MUNONGO, Atténuation Des Effets du Changement Climatique sur l’Environnement au Cameroun: Cas d’un Projet de Récupération du Biogaz et d’Amendement Organique, Revue Africaine de Droit de l’Environnement.
Abstract: The ratification of the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change by Cameroon, in 1994, gives way to the adoption of Law Nᵒ 96/12 of 5 August 1996, basis for the protection of the environment at the national level. The legal arsenal is reinforced by the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in 2002, which established the Clean Development Mechanism. It is against this backdrop that the biogas recovery project is being implemented in Cameroon, with France as Annex I Country. The implementation of this flexibility mechanism in the Cameroonian context may turn out to be a promising socio-economic activity. This projection is in line with the spirit of the above mentioned Convention: reconciling the obligations of Annex I countries and the development needs of developing countries, qualified as priorities in a sustainable development perspective. Key words: climate change, biogas, compost, Cameroon

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Social Policy
Urban Public Policy

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Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation
Policy Analysis and Evaluation PRIMARY
Public Opinion