||Prunus Africana (P.A.) is an essence of mountainous areas whose bark is sought after in the international market for the treatment of benign prostate hypertrophy. This product is found particularly in the surroundings of Mount Cameroon, where women's groups play a crucial role in the marketing channel of some Non Timber Forest Products (NTFP). However, this specie’s exploitation is strictly framed by the standards of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna, making it an extremely vulnerable resource that is threatened by the effects of climate change. This contribution has as purpose to question the implication of rural women of the Mount Cameroon region in the value chain of PA, a Non Timber Forest Product that is a resource of important value in the forestry product trade; also, to appreciate the relationship between the resource profitability and inequity in access.
In general, the initial hypothesis about different practices in link with gender forestry work is that men mostly take part in the activities of big forestry companies, such as the felling of trees, meanwhile NTFPs consumed in households or sold in order to have a little income are mainly carried out by women. This is not the case for Prunus Africana, a Non Timber Forest Product which is sought after by international pharmaceutical industries and is flourishing in trade. Women in the Highlands of Mount Cameroon are particularly active in the exploitation of natural resources such as Gnetum and honey, yet the exploitation of Prunus is still labeled as a male activity. Thus, it is proved at the end of this study that gender issue is actually not a priority in Prunus Africana sustainable management policies. However, the current forestry issue requires the implementation of gender-specific measures to enforce the involvement the women of Mount Cameroon Region in the sustainable management of this resource, whose exploitation is protected at the international level for more efficiency. This initiative is currently in reflection among the actors involved in the management of Prunus Africana in the region of Mount Cameroon.|