Ahmed Mustafa Elhussein Mansour

United Arab Emirates University
Political Science

Department of Political Science
United Arab Emirates University
Al-Ain, P.O. Box 15551 , Abu Dhabi
United Arab Emirates
hamadna@yahoo.com

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I am currently involved in research that addresses severla issues. The first issue concerns the national public policy making style in the United Arab Emirates. This research entitled 2- “The National Policy Style in the United Arab Emirates”. This chapter is due to appear in Michael Howlett and Jale Tosun’s book (eds) Policy Styles and Policy-Making: Exploring the National Dimension, Under contract with Routledge. The second paper entitles 1- “Has the United Arab Emirates Federal Government Succeeded to Transform Its Federal Bureaucracy into A New Public Management System?” Accepted for Publication by the International Journal of Public Management. Review.Currently, I am preparing a paper on the environment for a conference in Ajman, the United Arab Emirate and a paper on the feasibility of using the multi-goal approach in policymaking in Gulf Cooperation Countries.

Citation:
1- “Has the United Arab Emirates Federal Government Succeeded to Transform Its Federal Bureaucracy into A New Public Management System?” Accepted for Publication by the International Journal of Public Management Review
Abstract: The paper tries to provide an answer for the question: has the United Arab Emirates (UAE) federal government succeeded to transform its federal bureaucracy into a new public management system? It seeks to provide this answer by describing, analyzing, and evaluating the evolution of the United Arab Emirates federal administrative system from a traditional public administration system to a new public management one. The New Public Management (NPM) is an identifiable phenomenon with different versions in developed Western countries but some developing countries, such as the UAE, attempt to adopt some of its components to reform their public-sector management. However, the UAE have not incorporated in its reform attempts those NPM concepts that may disturb the traditional cultural and patron-client legacies that underpin the legitimacy of the political system. The UAE moves to adopt the NPM approach is made imperative by economic factors and international developments such as globalization. The paper has discussed the basic kernels of mainstream NPM concepts, but because of the varied versions of the NPM approach, the paper develops its own framework of analysis to analyze the UAE reform attempts. Accordingly, the NPM tools are classified in this framework into two levels: the macro and micro levels. Whereas the macro level targets the restructuring of the whole administrative and economic system, the micro level introduces business management tools to public sector management. The UAE attempt to utilize both levels in its attempts to reform its federal government administrative system has achieved variable degrees of success.
Citation:
Ahmed Mustafa Mansour, “The National Policy Style in the United Arab Emirates”. Due to appear in Michael Howlett and Jale Tosun’s book (eds) Policy Styles and Policy-Making: Exploring the National Dimension, Under contract with Routledge. The editor asked me to write this chapter and has been already submitted.
Abstract: The United Arab Emirates has a federal system of government composed of a federal government and seven states (emirates) with the later possessing strong constitutional power in their local jurisdictions. The social fabric of the country shapes to some extent the national policy style in the country. Therefore, this chapter investigates the question of how the traditional tribal legacy in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is incorporated into the modern institutions of policy-making and how this incorporation of historical legacy interacts with these modern institutions to produce a unique national style of policymaking. The historical tribal governance or legacy was based on networks of patron-client reciprocal relationships between tribal sheikhs and their tribesmen and underpins the legitimacy of the current system of government and influences the national style of policymaking. The chapter utilizes a modified version of the elite theory to explain the national policy style in the UAE.
Citation:
A. Mansour (2016). “Population Imbalance as a Public Policy Problem in the United Arab Emirates”, “in Douglas J. Besharov and Mark Lopez (eds.* Adjusting to a World in Motion: Trends in Global Migration and Migration Policy, Oxford University Press
Abstract: The chapter discusses the problem of population imbalance as a public policy problem in the United Arab Emirates. Population imbalance in the UAE arises because of immigrant labor influx to the country making the indigenous population a minority in the country. The chapter explains this phenomenon by the small size of the indigenous population, lack of qualified manpower to run the country after independence and its drive to build a nation and achieve economic development. The vast wealth of the country, generated from the export of oil, attracted all sorts of skilled and unskilled labor. The policy options available to the government involve painful trade-offs between high rates of economic development and preserving the country's identity.
Citation:
The Policy of Decentralization in the Sudan: Control and Participation, in Antwi-Boasika, K. and Csanyi, P. (eds.),The Theories of Decentralization and Local Government: Implementation, Implications, and Realities: A Global Perspective, Stephen F. Austin State University Press, Nacogdoches, Texas
Abstract: This chapter discusses the experience of the Sudan since independence to implement a policy of decentralizing administrative power. The chapter examines the status of local government in the Sudan after the British departure. The British instituted a system adumbrating the Westminster and based on tribal authority. The chapter discusses also changes the system undergone under Nemairi's military regime and the present Muslim Brothers' military regime. The chapter concludes that the two military regimes utilize the policy of decentralization as a tool for control and generating popular support for the system
Citation:
"Wiki-Government as Co-Production of Public Policies and Servies: Is it a Feasible Tool for Co-Production of Public Services in the United Arab Emirates?" Proceedings of the Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences Conference. (2014).
Abstract: The objective of the paper is two-fold: to examine the theoretical feasibility of the concept of wiki-government and to simultaneously examines the potentialities and hindrances to applying this concept in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) government to enable it to traverse the road from its traditional legacy of bureaucratic forms of public services production to the potentiality of public service co-production made possible by the development of wiki-technology and wiki-government. Coproduction of public services, which involves the direct involvement of service users in its production, is an approach to public policy which fascinates many politicians and practitioners. Most successful experiments are limited in their scope in that they involve small localities and neighborhoods. They do not extend citizen involvement to participate in coproducing public polices and services at the national level. This task requires the utilization of the windows of opportunities opened by the proliferation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) which helps to network citizens and creates high potentials for citizens’ involvement in public policy and services design. One of these potentials that proved its success in many instances is wiki-government. Wiki-government is a new Internet-based tool evolved to enable the ordinary citizens and self-selected experts to participate in designing public policies and services
Citation:
From Traditional Educational Policy-Making and Methods to Wiki-Education in the University Context. International Conference for Education, Research, and Innovation (ICERI), Madrid. (2012).
Abstract: The term "wiki-education" is inspired in this paper by the two books of Don Tapscott and Anthony Williams: (2008 and 2010): wikinomics How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything and Macrowikinomics: Rebooting Business and the World together with Simone, (2010), Wiki Government: How Technology Can Make Government Better, Democracy Stronger, and Citizens More Powerful. The term "Wiki Education" is used here to refer to the possibility of outsourcing the internet to improve educational policy-making and create new teaching methodologies characterized by openness, collaboration, sharing, integrity, and interdependence. The paper intends to show how the internet can be facilitated to tab the free expertise of many sources, including citizens, to improve the educational methods and processes. For this purpose the paper reviews first the previous efforts to improve the educational processes and outcomes. These efforts made experts as the only reference for reform and improvements of educational policy and methods. The basic assumption here is that these efforts constitute the concrete foundations for the concept of wiki education which advises the free utilization of expert and non-expert talents to improve policy making in government and management.
Citation:
"Is Total Quality Management Feasible in a Developing Context? The Employees’ Perspective in the United Arab Emirates Public Sector." International Journal of Public Administration 36:98–111. (2013).
Abstract: The objective of this article is to study the attitudes of United Arab Emirates public sector employees toward the elements of TQM as expressed by the “Triangle of Service Quality” developed by Morgan and Mugatroyed (1995). The study uses data from a random sample of public sector employees selected from different public sector organizations in all Emirates and utilizes statistical tools to test hypotheses about the attitudes of UAE public sector employees toward the different elements of the “Triangle of Service Quality”. The study finds that generally the employees’ attitudes are not positive and recommends employees’ training in TQM philosophy.
DOI: 10.1080/01900692.2012.721288
Citation:
"Policies of Innovation and Excellence in United Arab Emirates." Proceedings of the 6th Quality Conference in the Middle East, Dubai. (2011).
Abstract: This paper describe the efforts of United Arab Emirates federal government to reform the public sector by utilizing Information Technology and introducing the pillars and tools of new public management.
Citation:
"The Impact of Privatization on the United Arab Emirates Federal Public Sector." International Public Management Review (IPMR) 9 (2):66-98. (2008).
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to investigate and analyze the impact of privatization on the size and the role of the public sector in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) federal government. The size of the public sector is measured by the evolution of public expenditure and labor costs. To study the impact of privatization policy on public administration in UAE, the paper is divided into two parts. The first part furnishes the general framework of the study and discusses theoretically and operationally and the meaning of the public sector and privatization as a tool for enhancing markets. The second part outlines the UAE program of privatization in terms of the effect of macro and micro privatization on UAE market freedom, public expenditures and employment. The paper uses in the last section of the second part budget data on expenditures of the UAE federal government and three other selected sectors to see the impact of privatization on their expenditure and labor costs.
Citation:
"The Pedagogy of Capstone Courses: The Case of Political Science and Public Administration in United Arab Emirates University." International Conference of Education, Research and Innovations (pp. 310-319). (2010).
Abstract: This paper is based on the author's experience in designing and teaching the capstone course in the department of Political Science in United Arab Emirates University. The objective of the paper is twofold: (1) to show how policy analysis as a new field in social sciences can help to rescue the fields of political science and public administration in the Arab Universities from their ongoing crises and (2) show how capstone courses can be used to integrate the two disciplines with other social sciences. Both disciplines are encountering a real crisis that is embodied in their lack of a professional focus and a problem solving approach. Capstone courses can use the interdisciplinary approach of “Policy Analysis” to integrate the knowledge acquired by the student in the program of political science and public administration to promote a professional focus and a problem-solving approach. For that purpose, capstone courses may be used to integrate the knowledge acquired by the student from other theoretical courses in political science program and other disciplines to enable him to apply them to find practical solutions for public policy problems. In this capacity, capstone courses may be designed to enable the student to provide policy makers with relevant advice on his area of specialty. It may also incorporate and concentrate on applying the concepts of “political feasibility” as well as “economic feasibility” to recommend realistic and implementable policies.
Citation:
“The Style of Decision-Making in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) Federal Budgetary Process." Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting and Financial Management 22 (3).
Abstract: The paper concentrates on the administrative side of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) budgetary process and employs a quantitative approach to test two major hypotheses about the style of decision-making and the impact of this style on the annual estimations of public expenditures. Therefore, the major question of the paper is not concerned with the content of these decisions (annual estimations) in a substantive descriptive and normative manner, as in public finance studies, but rather with the analysis of the outcomes of these decisions. To achieve these objectives, the study is divided into three sections. The first section is concerned with the general framework of the study. The second section presents a theoretical background on the styles of budgetary decision-making. The third section discusses and utilizes some of the statistical models that are used in the literature to test two major hypotheses about the style of decision-making in the UAE budgetary process. The paper concludes that UAE budgetary decision-maker uses an incremental style to estimate annual expenditure.
Citation:
“Public Policy and Privatization: The Case of the Qatari Experience.” Public Administration and Development 27 (4):283-292. (2007).
Abstract: This article uses a qualitative methodology employing the elite model to describe and analyze the complex interplay of political and economic factors in the privatization experience of the state of Qatar. The article begins by providing a theoretical framework for privatization in the context of public policy and classifying policies of privatization into two categories: macro and micro-privatization. The second part uses this framework to discuss factors that gives the Qatari experience its distinguished flavor. These factors include: elite legitimacy and social culture, bureaucratic power, international pressure and patron-client networks.
Citation:
"E- Government in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC): A Comparative Study." Journal of Social Sciences 40 (1):13-44. (2012).
Abstract: The major objective of this paper is to use a descriptive qualitative methodology to trace and analyzes comparatively the experience of GCC states in introducing e-government tools to their public sectors. Therefore, the paper attempts to facilitate this comparison by concentrating on certain e-government’s dimensions in the evolution of these countries’ e-governments efforts and its implementation. These dimensions include: institutional feasibility, technical feasibility, stage of development and scope of use. The paper defines these elements operationally in order to facilitate the comparison.
Citation:
"The Use of 'Policy Analysis' to Improve the Quality of Policy-Making in Government and Non-Governmental Organizations." Current Issues of Business and Law 6 (1).
Abstract: Quality of policy-making in this paper refers to the element of "rationality" which is in turn associated with the criteria of effectiveness and efficiency. The originality and value of this paper is related to the fact that this kind of rationality is missing in most public organizations in the Arab and Third World countries. This is evident in the scarcity of policy research and the paucity of training and education in policy analysis in these countries. Therefore, the paper aspires to show how the toolbox of policy analysis can be used to provide relevant information and design alternative policies to provide rational solutions normally addressed by governments, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) as well as private sector organizations. To that end, the paper attempts to show how the tools of the flourishing field of policy analysis can help policy makers design rational policies and programs and to evaluate their outcomes at different levels of government- local, national, and international levels. The major finding of the paper is that government, non-governmental and private sector organizations in Arab countries need to establish a professional job in their ranks to be intellectually grounded on policy sciences in order to provide advice to policy makers at different government levels on specialized policy issue areas- e.g. education, healthcare, energy, environment, privatization and monopoly.

Substantive Focus:
Environmental Policy
Governance PRIMARY

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory
Policy Analysis and Evaluation PRIMARY

Keywords

E-POLICY MAKING PUBLIC BUDGETING PUBLIC POLICY PRIVATIZATION UNITED ARAB EMIRATES PUBLIC SECTOR TQM IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR NEW PUBLIC MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY THE MULTI-GOAL TOOL