Terry Clark

University of Chicago
Sociology

1126 East 59th Street #322
Chicago, IL
60637
tnclark@uchicago.edu |  Visit Personal Website


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A book on Scenes, 8 chapters in draft at scenes.uchicago.edu. How amenities join in scenes to create new consumption experiences that drive urban development. These new variables like glamour, neighborliness, bohemia, and more surpass population size, crime, and cost of living in explaining economic growth. These define a new policy agency for urban development: not jobs and subsidies, but consumption and lifestyle is what can attract new residents, keep old ones, and spur development. The arts are the fastest rising organized group, but the least recognized. scenes.uchicago.edu =   data, work in progress, most chapters of Scenes book draft, staff memos, codebook www.tnc-newsletter.blogspot.com     =  videos, draft papers, general news stories about Scenes projectrntnclark@uchicago.edu; email for more info  = Terry Clark

Citation:
Terry Nichols Clark and 17 coauthors, Can Tocqueville Karaoke? How the Arts and Culture Can Transform Politics and the Economy. Research in Urban Policy, Emerald Annual Reviews, Volume 11. Emerald Books, 2014. Coauthors: Terry Nichols Clark, Peter Achterberg, Chad Anderson, Miree Byun, Susana L. F. Cabaço, Filipe Carreira Carreira da Silva. Daniel J. DellaPosta, Arkaida Dini, Wonho Jang, Seokho Kim, Yoshiaki Kobayashi, Jong Youl Lee, Cristina Mateos Mora, Clemente Jesus Navarro Yanez, María Jesús Rodríguez-García, Stephen Sawyer, Daniel Silver, Di Wu, Joseph Yi
Abstract: How engage citizens in civic activities? The classic answer is that participation builds legitimacy. Conversely if they bowl alone, democratic legitimacy may be threatened. This new book shows that this participation message, from Tocqueville, often holds in the West, but not in major parts of the world. Nor does it hold for some Western subgroups like urban gangs. How to recast these widespread views and their policy implications that are foundational for civic leaders and college students who join multiple associations? How does a subtle and realistic culture shape the economy and political participation? This question stands at the center of Can Tocqueville Karaoke? Global Contrasts of Citizen Participation, the Arts and Development by Terry Nichols Clark et. al. It’s point of departure is two strong traditions: Alexis de Tocqueville’s ideas of democratic participation, and Joseph Schumpeter and Jane Jacob’s theories of economic growth through innovation and bohemian ideas. Using case studies of cities and subgroups as well as global surveys, the book offers new findings to help recast these two theories. First it shows that the theories hold unevenly across the world. Second, while citizen participation has fallen in some issues, arts and culture participation is dramatically rising, especially in the US and Netherlands, where participation doubled and tripled in a few decades. Through the use of rich and specific data, and by exploring case studies from the furthest corners of the world, Clark et. al. analyzed the effect of cultural context on political and economic behavior. Through an innovative analysis of Scenes, they analyze the effect of culture, and particularly the arts, as it diversifies across locales, both globally between nations, and domestically across neighborhoods. The analysis of scenes enables them to synthesize components such as physical structures, demographic data, personal activities, social values, public displays, and politics and government policies into a coherent interpretation to help explain participation and economic development. Through a clear, yet elaborate model, the Scenes analysis breaks cultural context into fifteen dimensions, thus joining Asia with the United States and Europe into a world-system that can be more coherently interpreted by social scientists, policy makers, and average citizens. The 19 coauthors include cases materials from their home countries, ranging from Portugal to Korea, to Spain and the US. Video overview of Can Tocqueville Karaoke? 7 minutes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6WzQ7rWxD8&feature=youtu.be Amazon: Kindle book and paperback
URL: http://Table of Contents: http://www.emeraldgrouppublishing.com/products/books/pdf/chapters/tocqueville_toc.pdf
Citation:
Clark, Terry, Daniel Silver and Clemente J. Navarro. 2010. "Scenes: Social Context in an Age of Contingency." Social Forces 88 (5): 2293-2324.
Abstract: This article builds on an important but underdeveloped social science concept?the ?scene? as a cluster of urban amenities?to contribute to social science theory and subspecialties such as urban and rural, class, race and gender studies. Scenes grow more important in less industrial, more expressively-oriented and contingent societiesrnwhere traditional constraints fall and self-motivated action around consumption, lei- sure and amenities is a more important feature of social cohesiveness and interaction. Scenes contextualize the individual through amenities and consumption-based expres- sions of shared sensibilities as to what is right, beautiful and genuine. This framework adds to concepts such as neighborhood and workplace by specifying 15 dimensions of the urban scenescape. Like neighborhood and workplace, scenes reduce anomie, but because of their focus on consumption and the use of specific amenities, they are more consistent with today?s ethos of contingency, moving beyond traditional ideas of the fundamental power of social, family and occupational background. We introduce a new amenities-focused database to measure and analyze scenes and their dimensions for each of 40,000 U.S. zip codes. We illustrate the framework by applying it to one distinct type of scene, bohemia, and analyze its position in the broader social system.
Citation:
Clark, Terry Nichols ed. 2008. The City as an Entertainment Machine, Research in Urban Policy, Vol. 9. New York and Oxford: Elsevier. Paperback: Lexington Books.
Abstract: This volume explores how consumption and entertainment change cities, but it reverses the "normal" causal process. That is, many chapters analyze how consumption and entertainment drive urban development, not vice versa. People both live and work in cities and where they choose to live shifts where and how they work. Amenities enter as enticements to bring new residents or tourists to a city and so amenities have thus become new public concerns for many cities in the U.S. and much of Northern Europe. Old ways of thinking, old paradigms -- such as "location, location, location" and "land, labor, capital, and management generate economic development" -- are too simple. So is "human capital drivesrndevelopment". To these earlier questions we add, "How do amenities and related consumption attract talented people, who in turn drive the classic processes which make cities grow?" This new question is critical for policy makers, urban public officials, business, and non-profit leaders who are using culture, entertainment, and urban amenities to enhance their locations -- for present and future residents, tourists, conventioneers, and shoppers.rnrnThe City as an Entertainment Machine details the impacts of opera, used bookstores, brew pubs, bicycle events, Starbucks' coffee shops, gay residents, and other factors on changes in jobs, population, inventions, and more. It is the first study to assemble and analyze such amenities for national samples of cities (and counties). It interprets these processes by showing how they add new insights from economics, sociology, political science, public policy, andrngeography. Considerable evidence is presented about how consumption, amenities, and culture drive urban policy by encouraging people to move to or from different cities and regions.rnrn1 Introduction: Taking Entertainment Seriously Terry Nichols Clark 1rn2 A Political Theory of Consumption Terry Nichols Clark 15rn3 Urban Amenities: Lakes, Opera, and Juice Bars-Do They Drive Development? Terry Nichols Clark 97rn4 Consumers and Cities Edward L. Glaeser Jed Kolko Albert Saiz 135rn5 The New Political Culture and Local Government in England Anne Bartlett Terry Nichols Clark Dennis Merritt 143rn6 Technology and Tolerance: The Importance of Diversity to High-Technology Growth Richard Florida Gary Gates 157rn7 Gays and Urban Development: How Are They Linked? Terry Nichols Clark 179rn8 Starbucks, Bicycle Paths, and Urban Growth Machines: E-mails Among Members of the Urban and Community Section of the American Sociological Association Listserv Compiled Terry Nichols Clark 193rn9 Amenities Drive Urban Growth: A New Paradigm and Policy Linkages Terry Nichols Clark Richard Lloyd Kenneth K. Wong Pushpam Jain 209rn10 Scenes: Social Context in an Age of Contingency Daniel Silver Terry Nichols Clark Clemente Jesus Navarro Yanez 241rnrnTerry Nichols Clark is professor of Sociology at the University of Chicago. His books include Citizen Politics in Post-Industrial Society, City Money, The New Political Culture, and Urban Innovation.rnrnrnPaperback copies can be ordered from www.Amazon.com, www.BarnesandNoble.com or www.Lexingtonbooks.com The City as an Entertainment Machine, Terry Nichols Clark ed. Paperback: 294pp. Paper 0-7391-2422-6 | 978-0-7391-2422-2. Lexington Books, March 2011. Around $29.rn
Citation:
Clark, Terry Nichols, and Vincent Hoffmann-Martinot, eds. 1998. The New Political Culture.Boulder: Westview Press. Also in French, Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Spanish, Polish adaptations. Books by Terry Nichols Clark and others on the New Political Culture, Revised August 26, 2010 The New Political Culture, Terry Nichols Clark and Vincent Hoffmann-Martinot, eds., Boulder: Westview, 1998. French, Spanish, Korean, Japanese, Chinese translations full MS’s available on website: http://faui.uchicago.edu/archive.html. Chapter 2 lays out the core theory used in most later books on the NPC. You can download the full book manuscript in Spanish or French at no charge (text only, no tables or graphics).
Abstract: This volume introduces a new style of politics, the New Political Culture (NPC), which began in many countries in the 1970s. It has become dominant in some locations. It defines new rules of the game for politics, challenging two older traditions: class politics and clientelism. Advocates of the New Political Culture include Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, and Francois Mitterand. They revolutionized the politics of their countries by embracing NPC issues. These include citizen democracy, environmentalism, gay rights, and abortion?generally consumption and lifestyle issues, with less emphasis on workplace and jobs than in the past. Leadership comes less from parties, unions, and ethnic groups in coalitions of rich versus poor, or high- versus low-status persons. Rather, leadership shifts from issue to issue; leaders on abortion are distinct from leaders on environmental issues. Issue-specific leaders are thus more active, as are citizens and the media. This NPC emerges more fully and forcefully in cities and countries with more highly educated citizens, higher incomes, and high-tech service occupations.rnThis book is distinctive in clarifying changes in these basic rules of the game by which politics is played. Seven key elements defining the NPC are introduced; propositions then specify where and why the NPC emerges. Global political transformations related to NPC developments include the collapse of traditional political hierarchies, such as Soviet communism, the Italian political system in 1993, and socialist parties in many countries that shifted from state centralism toward citizen participation and market individualism. Parallel shifts away from authoritarian hierarchy are found in corporate cultures embracing collegial staff relations as well as in families giving wives and children more autonomy. These declines in social and economic hierarchies undermine traditional class politics, coherent political parties, and authoritarian political leaders. They open the door to the NPC.rnOur sources include citizen surveys, case studies by actual participants, national statistical reports, and reviews of past research. Several chapters use data of the Fiscal Austerity and Urban Innovation (FAUI) Project from some 7,000 cities in 20 countries. These data permit more precise and comprehensive international comparisons of political processes than any past urban study. This is the first book on political processes using the international FAUI data.rnIn Part 1, we look at fundamental ideas behind the NPC, which includes seven core elements. It (1) redefines the classic left-right continuum; (2) distinguishes fiscal from social issues; (3) stresses social issues; (4) emphasizes market and social individualism; (5) reassesses the welfare state; (6) focuses political debate on issues more than party loyalty; and (7) is supported by younger, more educated, affluent individuals and societies. Elements of this NPC have been termed New Fiscal Populist, Postmaterialist, green, neo-liberal, Yuppie politics, postindustrial politics, and new politics.rn
URL: www.faui.org/archive.html

Substantive Focus:
Economic Policy
Governance SECONDARY
Comparative Public Policy PRIMARY
Urban Public Policy

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory PRIMARY
Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation
Policy Analysis and Evaluation
Public Opinion SECONDARY

Keywords

URBAN URBAN POLITICS AND PUBLIC POLICY URBAN CULTURE