Daniel Nohrstedt

Uppsala University
Department of Government

Gamla torget 2
daniel.nohrstedt@statsvet.uu.se |  Visit Personal Website

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My primary research interests include (1) the causes and dynamics of policy change - across policy areas and political-institutional settings - with a special focus on the Advocacy Coalition Framework, and (2) collaborative governance in relation to crises and disasters. I am currently specializing in natural disaster management research through my affiliation with the Swedish Center for Natural Disaster Science (see www.cnds.se). My work in this field has a focus on the nature and development of organizational collaboration building from the collaborative public management literature.

Nohrstedt, D. & L. Nyberg, Forthcoming. "Do Floods Drive Crisis Mitigation Policy? Evidence from Swedish Municipalities." Accepted for publication in Geografiska Annaler.
Abstract: It is well established that continuous development of local-level mitigation policy plans and actions increases the chances of effective responses to natural hazards. What is less well known is how and why policy development – the scope and pace of changes in municipality crisis mitigation programmes – varies across local-level crisis mitigation systems. Using survey data on municipality hazard mitigation policy in Sweden, this study documents patterns of policy development and explores candidate explanations. Special attention is devoted to floods, which present local managers with opportunities to learn and adjust local mitigation policies. To investigate floods along with other hazards as potential drivers for local mitigation policy, the study examines three approaches to policy development: external shocks, transformation without disruption, and regional diffusion. Overall, in this case, the transformation without disruption model and the regional diffusion model do better than the external shocks model. Important precursors of policy development include collaboration, learning and diffusion effects from events and policy adoption in nearby municipalities. The study demonstrates the value of a broader analytical approach to policy development, which takes into account the interplay between events, collaborative management, and learning.
URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1468-0459/issues
Jenkins-Smith, H., D. Nohrstedt, C. Weible & P. Sabatier. 2014. "The Advocacy Coalition Framework: Foundations, Evolution, and Ongoing Research." Theories of the Policy Process 183-223. Sabatier, P. & C. Weible, eds. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
URL: http://westviewpress.com/books/theories-of-the-policy-process/
Nohrstedt, D. & Ö. Bodin. Forthcoming. "Evolutinary Dynamic of Crisis Preparedness Collaboration: Resources, Tubulence and Network Change in Swedish Municipalities." Accepted for Publication in Risks, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy.
Abstract: Societal responses to climate change risks and hazards increasingly involve interorganizational collaboration across policy areas, sectors, and levels of government. Different views exist in the literature regarding changes in such collaborative arrangements; whereas some argue that maintaining stability of collaborative networks is a precursor for effective crisis management, others maintain that network adaptation is necessary to cope with complex risks and rude surprises. This controversy turns the spotlight on the more fundamental question of what influences changes in collaborative networks in this area. Using survey data on municipality managers in Sweden, this study presents evidence of a dramatic increase in annual change of interorganizational ties while the total magnitude of ties to different types of actors has essentially remained constant. To explain these developments, the study builds from resource dependency theory (RDT) and explores the relationship between resources, environmental turbulence, and network change. The findings suggest that RDT has limited explanatory value in this case; no association was found between resources, turbulence, and network change. An alternative hypothesis is introduced suggesting that changes in networking strategies are a function of outside pressure to collaborate and uncertainty about collaborative practices and the benefits of collaboration, which feed an experimental approach to networking.
URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1944-4079
Nohrstedt, Daniel and Charles Parker. 2014. "The Public Policy Dimension of Resilience in Natural Disaster Management: Sweden’s Gudrun and Per Storms." Disaster & Development: Examining Global Issues and Cases. Kapucu, N. & Liou, K. T. New York, NY: Springer.
Abstract: This chapter conducts an analysis of learning and policy change as a basis for building resilience to extreme events. Influenced by policy process theory and based on a comparative case-study of two storms in Sweden (2005 and 2007), the analysis poses three empirical questions: what policy beliefs changed as the result of the storm Gudrun and did those changes result in any revision of policy programs? did policy changes have intended effects during the response to the storm Per? and what factors may explain processes of policy change and implementation in this case? The concluding section discusses the importance of combining policy process analysis and the terms for institutionalizing experience as a basis for resilience.
URL: http://www.springer.com
Nohrstedt, Daniel. Forthcoming. "Does Adaptive Capacity Influence Service Delivery? Evidence from Swedish Emergency Management Collaborations." Accepted for Publication in Public Management Review
Abstract: The relationship between adaptive capacity and collaborative performance is a central issue within public management research but has rarely been subjected to systematic empirical testing. Using survey data on emergency preparedness collaborations in Swedish municipalities (n=263), this paper investigates the relationship between three adaptive capacity variables – diversity, interaction and learning – and outcomes in terms of goal-attainment, risk analysis and public satisfaction with rescue services. The findings suggest a positive relationship between the number of collaboration partners and goal attainment, while learning and accessibility of collaboration venues were unassociated with service delivery variables.
URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rpxm20/current
Nohrstedt, Daniel. Forthcoming. "Explaining Mobilization and Performance of Collaborations in Routine Emergency Management." Accepted for Publication in Administration and Society.
Abstract: Researchers as well as practitioners often elevate collaborative governance as a necessary condition for effective responses to extreme events. This research has a dominating focus on large-scale catastrophes and disasters, whereas little attention is devoted to less serious emergencies. Another void concerns performance measurement. Addressing these gaps, this study investigates plausible explanations for collaborative activity and outcomes in response to extreme winter conditions in Sweden. Analysis of a survey of Swedish public managers suggests that, in this case, collaborative action is associated with preparatory actions and disruptions affecting other organizations. The analysis generates conflicting findings regarding underlying explanations for collaborative outcomes.
URL: http://aas.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/01/29/0095399712473983.abstract
Nohrstedt, D. 2012. Advocacy Coalitions in Crisis Resolution: Understanding Policy Dispute in the European Volcanic Ash Cloud Crisis." Public Administration.
Abstract: In the last decade and across countries, changes in national intelligence policies have spurred widespread political opposition and public protest. Instances of intelligence policy change warrant close academic attention to cast light on the dynamics of policymaking in contested policy areas. In an effort to contribute to further development of a theory of policy change within the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), this article analyzes the adoption of legislation in Sweden to expand the mandate for signals intelligence gathering. Three explanatory variables are derived from the ACF to explain policy change in this case: shifts in advocacy coalition membership, distribution of coalition resources, and access to policy venues. Whereas shifts in coalition membership were unrelated to policy change in this case, the case-study lends partial support to the role of resource distribution and policy venues. To promote the progress of an ACF theory of policy change, the study concludes by drawing two theoretical implications: (i) introducing hierarchical classification of coalition resources and (ii) identification of revised policy narratives and exploitative policy entrepreneurship as causal mechanisms linking external shocks to venue shifts and policy change.
URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1541-0072.2011.00417.x/full

Substantive Focus:
Energy and Natural Resource Policy
Environmental Policy
Governance PRIMARY
Defense and Security
Science and Technology Policy
Comparative Public Policy SECONDARY
Urban Public Policy

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory PRIMARY
Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation SECONDARY
Policy Analysis and Evaluation