Nikolaos Zahariadis

University of Alabama at Birmingham

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My current research examines policy-making and the effects of cognition and emotion under conditions of ambiguity. Data are drawn from European Union economic policy, the sovereign debt crisis, and US security policy.

Zahariadis, Nikolaos and Theofanis Exadaktylos. 2015. "The Shield of Herakles: Multiple Streams and the Emotional Endowment Effect." European Journal of Political Research 54 (3): 466-481.
Abstract: Using the multiple streams framework, the article explores the staying impact of emotion in foreign policy.
Zahariadis, Nikolaos, ed. 2013. Frameworks of the European Union’s Policy Process: Competition and Complementarity across the Theoretical Divide (ed.). Abingdon, UK and New York: Routledge.
Exadaktylos, Theofanis and Nikolaos Zahariadis. 2014. Quid pro Quo: Political Trust and Policy Implementation in Greece during the Age of Austerity (with Theofanis Exadaktylos). Politics & Policy, 42 (1): 160-183.
Abstract: Why do national governments fail to implement deep reforms in light of strong international and European pressures? Building on the top-down implementation framework by Mazmanian and Sabatier, we argue political trust underpins the government’s implementation track record. We investigate this argument by looking at the failure of the Greek government to implement bailout reforms between 2010 and 2012 in two areas: tax and duty collection and liberalization of taxi licenses. Lower levels of trust decrease administrative capacity and widen problem intractability, creating a vicious cycle of non-cooperation and economic recession. Our findings have policy implications on administrative reforms and offer amendments to theories of implementation and institutional rational choice.
Leading Reform amidst Transboundary Crises: Lessons from Greece. Public Administration, 91 (3) 2013, pp. 648-662.
Abstract: Applying a leadership-task perspective within the context of the Greek sovereign debt crisis (2009-12), the study finds the imperatives of short-term transboundary crisis management conflict with the ability of Greek leaders to effectively implement long-term reforms. Electoral gains, crisis duration, centralized decision-making, and the degree of external actor involvement explain the choice between credible response and effective recovery. Despite beneficial effects, the activation of external stakeholders ultimately weakens the impetus for reform. The study has implications for political leadership and EU crisis management.
Zahariadis, Nikolaos. 2012. "Complexity, Coupling and Policy Effectiveness: the European Response to the Greek Sovereign Debt Crisis." Journal of Public Policy 32 (2): 99-116.
Abstract: What is the impact of Greece’s fiscal meltdown on the effectiveness of Europe’s response? Using Perrow’s normal accidents theory, I argue that efforts to reduce the likelihood of a Greek default activated conflicting centripetal and centrifugal modes of governance. Greater centralisation in decision-making at the European Union level improves policy effectiveness because it addresses problems of contagion but it simultaneously raises the risk of overall failure by increasing diagnosis, coordination and compliance costs. Three episodes are explored: the first bailout in May 2010, the mid-term fiscal strategy in June–July 2011 and the second bailout in February 2012. Implications are drawn for theories of delegation, intergovernmentalism and the future of EU crisis management.
Zahariadis, Nikolaos. 2008. State Subsidies in the Global Economy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Zahariadis, Nikolaos. 2008. "Ambiguity and Choice in European Public Policy." Journal of European Public Policy 15 (4): 514-530.

Substantive Focus:
Economic Policy SECONDARY
Comparative Public Policy PRIMARY

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory PRIMARY
Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation SECONDARY