El-Sayed El-Aswad

UAEU
Sociology

POBox 15551
College of Humanities and Social Sciences
Ali Ain, ABu Dhabi
United Arab Emirates
Not used in the UAE
eelaswad@uaeu.ac.ae |  Visit Personal Website


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Professor el-Sayed el-Aswad is currently professor of anthropology at United Arab Emirates University. He served as Chairperson of Sociology Department (2012-2014) at the UAEU. He received his doctorate degree from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He has been awarded fellowships from various institutes including the Fulbright Program, Ford Foundation, Egyptian government, and United Arab Emirates. He is the Editor-in Chief of the Journal of Horizons in Humanities and Social Sciences: An International Refereed Journal. He is a member of Editorial Advisory Boards of Digest of Middle East Studies (DOMES), Muslims in Global Societies Series, Tabsir: Insight on Islam and the Middle East and CyberOrient (Online Journal of the Middle). He is a member of the American Anthropological Association and the Middle Eastern Studies of North America and the International Advisory Council of the World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies (WOCMES). He is the author of Muslim Worldviews and Everyday Lives. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press (2012), Religion and Folk Cosmology: Scenarios of the Visible and Invisible in Rural Egypt. Westport, CT: Praeger Press (2002) [translated into Arabic 2005] and The Folk House: An Anthropological Study of Folk Architecture and Traditional Culture of the Emirates Society (al-Bait al-Sha‘bi), [with English abstract], Al-Ain: UAE University Press el-Aswad is currently working on the following projects: -State, Nation and Islamism in Contemporary Egypt: An Anthropological Perspective, -Political Challenges Confronting the Islamic World -Social and Spatial Organization Patterns in the Traditional House: A Case Study of Al Ain City, UAE

Citation:
el-Aswad, el-Sayed. 2016. “State, Nation and Islamism in Contemporary Egypt: An Anthropological Perspective,” Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development. 45 (1-2): 63-92.
Abstract: In many political and socio-economic circumstances, certain boundaries between state and nation have been crossed to develop particular power oriented ideologies, secular or religious, serving specific groups with political agendas. With particular foci on state, nation and Islamism, this anthropological inquiry endeavors to examine the political transformations in the socio-economic and political landscape of contemporary Egypt. The study shows how the relationship between Egyptian grassroots and elites has been affected by the political and economic transformations (from feudalist, to socialist, to capitalist systems) that have occurred in Egypt’s modern history, triggering the revolution of January 25, 2011 that demanded bread, freedom, social justice and democracy. The revolution was not religiously orchestrated, but was politically and economically motivated. Themes addressed and analyzed here include: revolution and counter-revolution (known as the deep state), the role of young people in social and political change, the departure of Mubarak and the ousting of Morsi, military hegemony and civil society, secularizing or Islamizing Egyptian society, the rise and fall of Islamist political ideology, and schism in the relationship between Egypt's two main Islamist organizations mainly the Muslim Brotherhood (Freedom and Justice Party), and the Salafis (al-Nūr Party).
URL: http:// https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=5473293
Citation:
el-Aswad, el-Sayed. 2016. “Political Challenges Confronting the Islamic World,” in HabibTiliouine and Richard J. Estes (eds.) The State of Social Progress of Islamic Societies. (Chapter 16), pp.361-377. Springer.
Abstract: Over the past five decades, Muslim nations have been challenged by several political elements including, for example, political Islam being influenced by many fundamentalist ideologies. Certain boundaries between religion and state have been crossed to develop particular power oriented ideologies, secular or religious, serving specific groups with challenging political agendas. The study addresses the political challenges facing Muslim nations focusing on external or global and internal or local political factors behind these challenges. In addition to scholarly work from the fields of anthropology, political science, religious studies and sociology, the present inquiry uses data collected from international data collection and reporting agencies such as the Social Progress Index (SPI), Freedom House, the Institute for Economics & Peace, particularly the Global Peace Index (GPI), Vision of Humanity, and the Pew Research Center. Using information provided by the Social Progress Index (SPI), the study focuses on 39 of the 57 Muslim countries belonging to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Information regarding other Muslim countries, not included in the SPI Index, is separately obtained from other data collecting institutes. Selections of political indicators are used to display the most crucial challenges confronting the Islamic world. Some of these indicators include political rights, democracy, personal rights, political terror, corruption, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and association, freedom of movement, freedom of religion, religious tolerance, discrimination and violence against minorities, and peace.
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-24774-8_16

Substantive Focus:
Environmental Policy SECONDARY
Science and Technology Policy
Social Policy PRIMARY

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory PRIMARY
Public Opinion SECONDARY

Keywords

HIGHER EDUCATION POLICY