Abraham Weihua Liu

University of Macau
Department of Government and Public Administration

Room P326, Pearl Jubilee Building
Av. Parde Tomas Pereira
Taipa, Macao
China
a_s_lewis@hotmail.com |  Visit Personal Website


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My research interests include corruption, intergovernmental relations, political development, comparative politics, and international relations.

Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU, 伯龍 Bolong 劉 LIU (2008) 選舉法首重可操作 Operatability: the Most Important for the Amendment to the Electoral Law of Macao. In 澳門日報 Macao Daily.
Abstract: 澳門回歸後,民主政治發展迅速,但也出現了大量的不規範選舉和賄選行為。為了更好發展澳門的民主政治制度,需要對《選民登記法》、《立法會選舉法》和《行政長官選舉法》進行修訂。選舉法要成為高品質的公共政策,就需要具有合法性、公共性、穩定性、合理性、明晰性、協調性、公平性等特點。為了保證選舉法的執行,需要賦予選舉管理委員會充分的人力資源、財務資源、權威資源和制度資源,也需要將其職能進一部明確化。選舉法的執行也需要資訊的有效溝通和有關部門的交流和協作。
URL: http://space.cenet.org.cn/user1/1796/9157.html%20LK%20%20-%20????????|http://space.cenet.org.cn/user1/1796/9157.html|%20SRC%20%20-%20GoogleScholar%20FG%20%20-%200
Citation:
Yufan 雨凡 HAO 郝, Weihua 煒華 LIU 劉 (2011) Rare Earth Minerals and Commodity Resource Nationalism 稀土和資源民族主義.
Abstract: This essay analyzes the recent changes in China’s rare earth elements (REE) policy and their implications for world REE production and consumption, as well as for Sino-U.S. and Sino-Japanese relations. Main Argument China’s reform of its REE industry and its restrictions on REE exports are domestically driven. These changes are aimed at solving the sustainable development problem within its REE industry—resulting from disordered mining and processing, overexploitation, and environmental deterioration—and are not necessarily meant to take advantage of foreign countries. Western countries’ misinterpretation of China’s export controls on REE, particularly amid Sino-Japanese tension in fall 2010, reflects a certain degree of mistrust toward China. If the U.S. recognized Chinese REE policy as a domestically driven action rather than a behavior aimed at subjugating foreign countries—an economic decision rather than a political one—the issue might not be put on the already crowded agenda of the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue. If both China and the U.S. could cooperate on the exchange of REEs and environmentally friendly technology, or if the U.S. invested more in REE production in China, then a win-win solution might be obtained, and these important strategic resources would be better protected and utilized. Meanwhile, the U.S. would have enough time to develop new, efficient technologies that substitute for or improve the usage and recycling of REEs.
URL: http://www.nbr.org/publications/element.aspx?id=540%20LK%20%20-%20Rare%20Earth%20Minerals%20and%20Commodity%20Resource%20Nationalism|http://www.nbr.org/publications/element.aspx?id=540|%20SRC%20%20-%20GoogleScholar%20FG%20%20-%200
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2009) 兩岸關係的發展與前瞻 Development and Prospects of Cross-Straits Relationship. In “博士開講”系列學術活動 “PhD Speeches” Series Academic Activity.
Abstract: 2008年5月20日馬英九上臺以來,兩岸關係出現了積極可喜的變化。兩岸領導人對於發展兩岸關係都採取了積極務實的態度。雙方暫時擱置比較敏感的主權、安全等問題,共同推動經濟和文化議題的進展。可以預見的是未來三年中,兩岸的政治領導人都不會發生太大的變動,這將為進一步推動兩岸關係提供有利的條件。 但是,國內外仍然存在很多影響兩岸關係發展的不利因素。這些因素使得兩岸繼續處於高度不信任的狀態,為建立互信機制和簽訂和平協議設置了障礙。 為了鞏固兩岸關係發展的成就,避免日後波動,有必要建立兩岸的互信機制,甚至簽訂和平協議。這將使敏感的兩岸關係定位問題不可避免。兩岸的政治地位需要在一個中國的前提下,採取求同存異、靈活多樣的策略,根據具體情況的不同,對兩岸關係的定位做出合情合理的安排。
URL: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL808DCD76E5903720
Citation:
雨凡 Yufan 郝 HAO, 煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2010) 亞歐之心:新疆的戰略意義 The Center of Euroasia: Xinjiang's Strategic Implications for China. In 2010’兩岸西域文化交流學術文化研討會 {Cross-Strait} Academic Conference of Western Region Culture 2010.
Abstract: 本文从政治安全、能源资源和经济联系三方面论述了新疆对于中国的重要战略意义。本文认为新疆主要领导的调换和中央新疆工作会议的召开标志着中共和政府对新疆重要战略地位的重视和治疆策略的调整,这将有助于实现新疆的长期稳定和繁荣发展。
Citation:
Weihua 煒華 LIU 劉, Yufan 雨凡 HAO 郝 (2010) Sino-American Resource Diplomacy: Politics of Rare Earths Disputes 中美資源外交——稀土爭端的政治. In Conference of Resource Diplomacy under Hegemony 主權下的資源外交國際研討會.
Abstract: This study analyzes China’s Rare Earth Elements {(REE)} policy change in the past few years, and its implications on the world {REE} production and consumptions, as well as on {Sino-American} and {Sino-Japanese} relations.
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2011) 通向圓滿的學習 Xuexi to Perfection. In 第四屆深港澳臺博士生南山學術論壇 the 4th Nanshan Academic Forum of Doctoral Students from Shenzhen, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan.
Abstract: 本文通過對古今中外教育思想的爬梳和對當前教育實踐的分析,探討了學習的目的是什麼,當前教育存在什麼問題,如何克服這些問題,學生自身又當如何等問題。本文認為,學習包括研究學問和實踐知識。學習的目的是為了獲得提升,獲得認知的圓滿、行動的圓滿、人性的圓滿和合作的圓滿。但是學校當前的教育卻存在過度實用化、過度專業化等突出問題;雖然採取了一些措施,然而效果並不明顯。自由教育或通識教育存在於自古迄今的漫長教育史中,對培養學生健全的人格、和諧的意識和廣闊的視野有很大好處。学生可以通過採用合理的方法來讀書,尤其是那些偉大的書,通過思考、交流和實踐,來漸臻圓滿。 Based on the review of ancient and modern educational thoughts in China and abroad and the analysis of current educational practices, this essay explores the purpose of education, the current problems of education, how to overcome these problems, and what the learners need to do. This paper argues that xuexi (learning) includes knowledge research and knowledge practice. The purpose of learning is to be advanced, to obtain perfection in cognition, action, humanity and cooperation. But the current education in most universities in China is over-pragmatical and over-professionalized. Although some measures have been taken by a few education reformers, the effect is not so significant. Liberal education or general education in the long history of education in ancient times so far benefited students for healthy personality, harmonious consciousness and a broad vision. The students can attain perfection gradually by reading books — especially those great books, thinking, communication and practice.
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2011) 中國轉型中的腐敗與分權 Local Corruption and Decentralization in the Transformation of China. In 第七屆兩岸四地公共管理學術研討會 the 7th Academic Conference on Public Administration in the Mainland, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau.
Abstract: The proposed research project will examine the casual relationship of local corruption and decentralization in China in the last thirty years. Decentralization of decision-making power from the central government to local governments was a salient feature of China’s reform. It has invigorated Chinese economy but created rampant corruption at the same time. The basic research question of this study is: how and to what extent decentralization lead to corruption in China at local level? Why decentralization of power could facilitate local corruption the way it did? The study tries to prove that: the increased discretionary power provides opportunities and incentives for local officials to corrupt. Lack of institutional and societal supervisions make it less contained. The decentralization has become “a helping hand” to the corruption of “a grabbing hand”. One case studies in Hebei province will be examined to discern the relationship.
Citation:
Weihua 煒華 LIU 劉, Yufan 雨凡 HAO 郝 (2011) Local Corruption and Decentralization in the Transformation of China 中國轉型中的地方腐敗與分權. In 69th Annual Midwest Political Science Association Conference 第69屆中西部政治科學協會年會.
Abstract: The proposed research project will examine the casual relationship of local corruption and decentralization in China in the last thirty years. Decentralization of decision-making power from the central government to local governments was a salient feature of China’s reform. It has invigorated Chinese economy but created rampant corruption at the same time. The basic research question of this study is: how and to what extent decentralization lead to corruption in China at local level? Why decentralization of power could facilitate local corruption the way it did? The study tries to prove that: the increased discretionary power provides opportunities and incentives for local officials to corrupt. Lack of institutional and societal supervisions make it less contained. The decentralization has become “a helping hand” to the corruption of “a grabbing hand”. One case studies in Hebei province will be examined to discern the relationship.
Citation:
Yufan 雨凡 HAO 郝, Weihua 煒華 LIU 劉 (2011) China’s Rare Earth Elements Policy Change and its Implications 中國稀土政策的變化與意義. In Energy Security Conference 能源安全國際研討會.
Abstract: This essay analyzes the recent changes in China’s rare earth elements (REE) policy and their implications for world (REE) production and consumption, as well as for (Sino-U.S.) and (Sino-Japanese) relations. China’s reform of its {REE} industry and its restrictions on (REE) exports are domestically driven. These changes are aimed at solving the sustainable development problem within its (REE) industry—resulting from disordered mining and processing, over-exploitation, and environmental deterioration—and are not necessarily meant to take advantage of foreign countries. Western countries’ misinterpretation of China’s export controls on (REE), particularly amid (Sino-Japanese) tension in fall 2010, reflects a certain degree of mistrust toward China.
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2012) 孫中山之民權思想與民主憲政建設 Sun Yat-sen’s Principle of Democracy and the Construction of Constitutional Democracy. In 時代文化與認同——分享我們在人文社科領域的研究 Cultural and Identity in Times of Change—Sharing Our Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences.
Abstract: 为了铲除贪污腐败的政治和改变国家积贫积弱的面貌,孙中山先生不仅投身于具体的民主革命运动,而且融合东西贯通古今,创立了系统的民权学说。国家主权归人民所有,政府被人民授权来治理国家。人民通过享有选举、罢免、创制、复决四个政权来实现直接民权和对政府治权的控制。政府的行政、立法、司法、考试、监察五权分立,相互制衡。建设民主宪政的国家分为军政、训政、宪政三个时期循序以进,逐渐完成。在此过程中,革命党要发挥关键作用。孙先生的民权学说对于当今中国建设民主宪政的清明国家,建立符合国情的政治制度,制定可行的政改方案和加强执政党的自身建设等方面,都有重要的现实意义。
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU, 嘯林 Xiaolin 段 Duan (2012) 中國轉型時期抗議性政治的解讀——以烏坎事件為例 An Interpretation of Confrontation Politics in the Transitional China—The Case of Wukan. In 治理的困境:問題、案例及反思 Dilemmas of Governance: Problems, Cases, and Reflections.
Abstract: 2011年末发生于中国广东省陆丰市的乌坎事件既呈现出了中国近期以来群体性事件的典型特点,也具有自己的独特性。其相对圆满的解决更是引起了海内外学界的关注和探讨。本文中,笔者试图从“理性人”的假设讨论省级政府、基层政权和乌坎村民的演变中的互动关系。笔者以为,威权政治使得基层政权中缺乏“政治市场”,以及国家推行“发展主义”策略,是导致基层政治制度失范、乌坎事件爆发的深层次原因;而村民的长期抗争和理性回归、政府治理方式的转变和政治传播尤其是网络政治的空前压力是促使政府妥协,实现官民和解、制度回归的关键性因素。 Wukan incident in Lufeng, Guangdong Province, China reflects the typical features of the group events in contemporary China, also with its characteristic, which ended with the peaceful coordination between the local government and people in Wukan. It attracted great attention from the scholars, governments and the full society. In this thesis, we try to discuss the provincial government, local government and Wukan people's behaviors in this incident based on the rational man assumption. This paper believes that, the lack of political government under the Authoritarianism regime and the developmentalism as the primary strategy are the deep causes which leads to Wukan incident. And Wukan people long-term protest and their return to reason, changes of the way of governance, and pressure from political communication and network politics are core factors which lead the incident into peaceful coordination and the return of normal politics.
Citation:
Weihua 煒華 LIU 劉 (2012) Xinjiang - Increasing Pain in the Heart of China's Borderlands 新疆——中國邊疆之痛. In the Academic Forum of PhD Candidates from the Mainland, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau 2012年兩岸四地博士生學術論壇.
Abstract: The 5 July event in Urumqi inspired rethinking about Beijing's policy towards Xinjiang. This paper will examine Beijing's interests in Xinjiang from historical, political, economic and security perspectives, and the challenges Beijing faces in pursuing and protecting its interests. By examining the tensions between the Han and ethnic minorities, especially the Uyghurs in Xinjiang, the paper argues that the Xinjiang issue involves China's core interests and the most serious challenge Beijing faces is how to cope with ethnic tension in a highly sensitive region surrounded by big powers.\nThe 5 July event in Urumqi inspired rethinking about Beijing's policy towards Xinjiang. This paper will examine Beijing's interests in Xinjiang from historical, political, economic and security perspectives, and the challenges Beijing faces in pursuing and protecting its interests. By examining the tensions between the Han and ethnic minorities, especially the Uyghurs in Xinjiang, the paper argues that the Xinjiang issue involves China's core interests and the most serious challenge Beijing faces is how to cope with ethnic tension in a highly sensitive region surrounded by big powers.
DOI: 10.1080/10670564.2012.635927
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2006) 環境服務貿易發展與自由化 The Development and Liberalization of Trade on Environmental Service. In 建設“資源節約型、環境友好型社會”高層論壇論文集 Proceedings of the Advanced Forum on the Construction of Resource-saving and Environment-friendly Society.
Abstract: 環境服務貿易是以環境服務為貿易對像的貿易活動。其提供方式包括跨境交付、境外消費、商業存在和自然人流動。現在全球的環境服務貿易正方興未艾,中國環境產業增長速度也較快,但現有的環境服務企業數量較多,規模較小,經濟效益不明顯,產業比較幼稚,並且服務比值較低,技術含量也不高;體制上環境服務企業與政府聯系過於緊密,未建立現代企業制度;中國的環境服務貿易居於逆差狀態。一般來說除了政府對環保產業無補貼的進口國外,環境服務貿易的自由化有利於一國福利的提高。阻礙環境服務貿易發展的有妨礙設立商業存在、自然人移動和對政府采購采取歧視等限制因素,世界貿易組織的工作也不盡如人意。為了發展環境服務貿易我們可以采取加強環境服務市場的規範化,改變世貿組織管轄範圍和分類方法,加強國內環境服務業和積極參與有關談判等措施。
URL: http://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-SQSL200711002017.htm%20LK%20%20-%20????????????--??????????????????????????2007?|http://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-SQSL200711002017.htm|%20SRC%20%20-%20
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2008) 從大午經驗看中國農村發展瓶頸 To Analyze the Bottleneck of Rural Development in China with the Experience of Dawu Corporation. In 第四屆社科農經研究大會論文集 Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of Social Scientific and Economic Research of Rural China and the First Huxiang Rural Forum.
Abstract: 本文通过分析河北大午集团的案例,认为当前农村和乡镇企业的发展遇到的土地瓶颈和资金瓶颈不是因为这些资源的有限性,而是在于这些资源的非可充分流通性。资源的非可充分流通性和乡村创业遇到的诸多官僚机构的干扰,在于当今中国农村的管制过密化和“国家利益部门化,部门利益法制化”。解决的方法是保障资源的自由流通,农民的自主创业和杜绝官僚机构的过度干扰。
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2009) 澳門與中國內地經貿關係發展概況 Overview of the Economic and Trade Ties between Macao and Mainland China. In 澳門經濟社會發展報告(2008~2009) Annual Report on Economy and Society of Macao (2008~2009).
Abstract: 本文回顧了建國後澳門與內地經貿關係發展的歷史,分析了十幾年以來二者在貨物貿易、直接投資和經濟合作等方面的發展,並闡述了澳門對內地發展外向型經濟的平台作用。本文認為自回歸以來,澳門與內地在貨物貿易、直接投資和經濟合作諸多方面與內地的關係都有了較大發展,《緊貿安排》和補充協議的簽署都在很大程度上促進了和將繼續推動澳門與內地經貿關係的發展。澳門也為內地發展外向型經濟提供了很好的平台。
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2010) 澳門概況2009 Overview of Macao 2009. In 澳門經濟社會發展報告(2009~2010) Annual Report on Economy and Society of Macao (2009~2010).
Abstract: 本文向讀者提供了有關澳門的最新重要統計指標,包括地理與天氣、人口與住戶、社會、經濟、運輸與通訊等五個主要方面。本文也列出了澳門在2009年發生的重要事件。通過這些數據和事件,讀者可以對澳門的基本情況形成一個比較完整的認識。
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2010) 對中美經貿關係發展的分析 Analysis on the development of Sino-and Trade Relations. In 金融危機與中美經濟 Financial Crisis and Sino-American Economy.
Abstract: 中美兩國經濟交往越來越密切,相互依賴程度逐漸提高。中美兩國經濟交往的主要形式是國際貿易和國際投資,國際經濟合作有較大發展空間。是包括政治和政策在內的多方面因素影響著中美經濟關係的發展。兩國的經濟交往對中國經濟增長的影響比對美國的影響顯著。在世貿組織框架下兩國對待貿易摩擦對對方都比較強硬,並且中國處於比較被動的地位。
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2011) 澳門概況 (2009~2010) Overview of Macao (2009~2010). In 澳門經濟社會發展報告(2010~2011) Annual Report on Economy and Society of Macao (2010~2011).
Abstract: 本文向讀者提供了有關澳門的最新重要統計指標,包括地理與天氣、人口與住戶、社會、經濟、運輸與通訊等五個主要方面。本文也列出了澳門在2010年發生的重要事件。通過這些數據和事件,讀者可以對澳門的基本情況形成一個比較完整的認識。
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2012) 澳門概況 (2010~2011) Overview of Macao (2010~2011). In 澳門經濟社會發展報告(2011~2012) Annual Report on Economy and Society of Macao (2011~2012).
Abstract: 本文向讀者提供了有關澳門的最新重要統計指標,包括地理與天氣、人口與住戶、社會、經濟、運輸與通訊等五個主要方面。本文也列出了澳門在世界上的排名和在2010-2011年發生的重要事件。通過這些數據和事件,讀者可以對澳門的基本情況形成一個比較完整的認識。
Citation:
仁子 Renzi 劉 LIU (2006) 玄奘取經的意義 The Significance of Xuanzang’s Request for Buddhist Scriptures in Hindustan. In 靈山海會 Lingshan Haihui.
URL: http://www.lingshh.com/19-a/xzqjdyy.htm
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2006) 南街村的辯證法 The Dialectics in the Village of South Street. In 中國鄉村發現 Discovery in Rural China.
Abstract: 南街村民的生活水平較高,經濟發展速度較快。所有制是以集體所有制為主體的股份制。南街職工一般沒有假期。南街重視引入人才。三大產業都有明顯效益。村民內部實行以供給制為主,工資制為輔的分配制度。南街的政治決策體制是多層次的以黨委會為核心的民主集中制,其中王宏斌發揮了核心作用。該村治安很好,有自己的民兵營。南街實行精神和物質並行的獎懲制度。其主導思想信仰是以“毛澤東思想”為核心的共產主義思想。南街的文化娛樂生活相當豐富,非常重視教育。他們每年舉行集體婚禮,養老由村裡集體負責。南街現像的存在體現了一般與個別的辯證法、公有制和私有制的辯證法、統一與個性的辯證法、經濟基礎與上層建築的辯證法、民主與集中的辯證法和外圓與內方的辯證法。南街走上這條特殊的道路是由其客觀的歷史條件決定的。
URL: http://www.zgxcfx.com/
Citation:
仁子 Renzi 劉 LIU (2010) 通向圓滿的自我學習 Self-Education to Perfection. In 南海學刊 Journal of South Sea 1 (1).
Abstract: 學習包括研究學問和實踐知識。學習的目的是為了獲得提升,獲得認知的圓滿、行動的圓滿、人性的圓滿和合作的圓滿。但是學校當前的教育卻存在過度實用化、過度專業化等突出問題;雖然採取了一些措施,然而效果並不明顯。自由教育或通識教育存在於自古迄今的漫長教育史中,對培養學生健全的人格、和諧的意識和廣闊的視野有很大好處。人們可以通過採用合理的方法來讀書書,尤其是那些偉大的書,通過思考、交流和實踐,來漸臻圓滿。 Based on the review of ancient and modern educational thoughts in China and abroad and the analysis of current educational practices, this essay explores the purpose of education, the current problems of education, how to overcome these problems, and what the learners need to do. This paper argues that xuexi (learning) includes knowledge research and knowledge practice. The purpose of learning is to be advanced, to obtain perfection in cognition, action, humanity and cooperation. But the current education in most universities in China is over-pragmatical and over-professionalized. Liberal education or general education in the long history of education in ancient times so far benefited students for healthy personality, harmonious consciousness and a broad vision. The students can attain perfection gradually by reading books — especially those great books, thinking, communication and practice.
URL: http://hamsfa.org/JSS/Index.asp%20LK%20%20-%20????|http://hamsfa.org/JSS/Index.asp|%20SRC%20%20-%20GoogleScholar%20FG%20%20-%200
Citation:
樂山 Leshan 任 REN (2010) 戰略研究再掀高潮:評郝雨凡教授關於“外交大戰路”的兩篇文章 A Review of Prof. Hao Yufan's Articles on China's Grand Strategy. In 澳大新語 UMAGAZINE.
URL: http://www.umac.mo/umagazine/issue03/%7C%20SRC%20%20-%20GoogleScholar%20FG%20%20-%200
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2011) 澳門特區政府2010-2011施政總觀察 Overview of the Governance of Macao SAR 2010-2011. In 澳門研究 Journal of Macau Studies.
Abstract: 澳門特區第三屆政府上台以來,澳門的經濟繼續高速增長,但也存在諸多社會經濟問題,造成人民的不滿,也困擾着特區政府。為了回應人民的要求,特區政府提出了“協調發展,和諧共進”和“陽光政府、科學決策”的施政理念,採取了多項措施應對經濟危機ã保障改善民生、推動區域合作、促進經濟多元、構建陽光政府、落實科學決策。當前加強制度性建設、加大政策執行力度、擴大區域合作和開放政治體制對回應居民的訴求有重要的現實意義。 Since Dr. Fernando Chui Sai On took office in the end of 2009, Macao’s economy continues its rapid growth, but there are many social and economic problems, resulting in the discontent among the people and making troubles to the government of Macao {SAR.} In response to people's appeals, the Government proposed the idea of {"Coordinated} Development, Harmonious Progress" and {"Sunshine} Government, Scientific Decision-making" for its governance, and has taken various measures to cope with the economic crisis, to improve people's livelihood, to promote regional cooperation, to encourage industrial diversity, to build the sunshine government, and to implement scientific decision-making. At present, institutional building, effective implementation of policies, enhancing regional cooperation and political open-up would have practical significance in responding the aspirations of the citizens of Macao {SAR.}
URL: http://www.macaudata.com/upload_files/pdf/2012/03/01/2012031330570196388.pdf%20LK%20%20-%20????%202011??4?|http://www.macaudata.com/upload_files/pdf/2012/03/01/2012031330570196388.pdf|%20SRC%20%20-%20GoogleScholar%20FG%20%20-%200
Citation:
Weihua 煒華 LIU 劉 (2011) China's Rise and Its Implications for the West 中國崛起和對西方的影響, 643-647. In Asian Politics & Policy 亞洲政治與政策
URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1943-0787.2011.01298.x/abstract;jsessionid=F3D7F4A53D2D94DB3216304E77B0AB32.f03t03
DOI: 10.1111/j.1943-0787.2011.01298.x
Citation:
煒華 Weihua 劉 LIU (2012) 完善民主制度,構建發展共識——近期澳門政制改革評述 Building a Consensus for Development to Improve the Democratic Institution: Discussion and Reflection on the Development of Political Institutions of Macau, 28-36. In 澳門研究 Journal of Macau Studies.
URL: http://www.macaudata.com/journals/journalsAction/middlePeriodical?bookId=1079
Citation:
Yufan 雨凡 HAO 郝, Weihua 煒華 LIU 劉 (2012) Xinjiang: increasing pain in the heart of China's borderland 新疆——中國邊疆之痛, 205-225. In Journal of Contemporary China 當代中國 21 (74).
Abstract: The 5 July event in Urumqi inspired rethinking about Beijing's policy towards Xinjiang. This paper will examine Beijing's interests in Xinjiang from historical, political, economic and security perspectives, and the challenges Beijing faces in pursuing and protecting its interests. By examining the tensions between the Han and ethnic minorities, especially the Uyghurs in Xinjiang, the paper argues that the Xinjiang issue involves China's core interests and the most serious challenge Beijing faces is how to cope with ethnic tension in a highly sensitive region surrounded by big powers.\nThe 5 July event in Urumqi inspired rethinking about Beijing's policy towards Xinjiang. This paper will examine Beijing's interests in Xinjiang from historical, political, economic and security perspectives, and the challenges Beijing faces in pursuing and protecting its interests. By examining the tensions between the Han and ethnic minorities, especially the Uyghurs in Xinjiang, the paper argues that the Xinjiang issue involves China's core interests and the most serious challenge Beijing faces is how to cope with ethnic tension in a highly sensitive region surrounded by big powers.
URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10670564.2012.635927%20LK%20%20-%20Taylor%20&%20Francis%20Online%20::%20Xinjiang:%20increasing%20pain%20in%20the%20heart%20of%20Chinas%20borderland%20-%20Journal%20of%20Contemporary%20China%20-%20Volume%2021,%20Issue%2074%7Chttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10670564.2012.635927%7C%20FG%20%20-%200
DOI: 10.1080/10670564.2012.635927

Substantive Focus:
Economic Policy
Governance PRIMARY
International Relations SECONDARY
Social Policy
Comparative Public Policy

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory
Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation
Policy Analysis and Evaluation PRIMARY
Public Opinion SECONDARY

Keywords

CORRUPTION FOREIGN RELATIONS CHINA MACAO