Francesco Amoretti

University of Salerno
Department of Political Sciences, Sociology and Communication

Via Ponte don Melillo
Fisciano (Salerno), Italy
Italy
84084
amoretti@unisa.it

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Francesco Amoretti is a Professor of Political Science and Communication and of E-democracy and E-Government Policies; University of Salerno, Graduate Degree Course in Communication Science. Since 1999, he has been a member of the Editorial Board of the journal "Comunicazione Politica." He is also a member of the Editorial Board of "Soft Power", a Euro-American journal of historical and theoretical studies of politics. From 2015 he is the Director of the Internet and Communication Policy Center (ICPC) (www.internetpolicyresearch.eu) He has published journal articles in several areas, including: social policies, administrative reforms, and mass media and political systems. His recent interests focus on the relationship between new technologies and politics (with special reference to Internet Governance, e-democracy and e-government), communication policy, European public space, and cyberspace.

Citation:
Francesco Amoretti, Policies and Politics of Digital Governments. The EU experience in the Aftermath of 11th September 2001, paper presented at the ISPA RC 34, RC 22 and RC 10 Conference, “Communication, Democracy and Digital Technology”. Rovinj, Croatia, 2-3 October 2015,. Panel: E-Democracy: Transparency, Engagement and Digital Policies. Chair: Norbert Kersting. Discussant: Anamaria Musa.
Abstract: The widespread diffusion of digital technologies, in particular the use of the internet, is changing the ways in which governments operate throughout the world. These information systems are encouraging, on the one hand, a complex series of reforms; on the other hand, they represent a way of reinventing traditional structures and procedures, improving how decision-making processes work. The scale and implications of such developments are the subject of much research from a national and global perspective. They show different theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches, but little effort has been made to formulate a framework defining the digital government policies emerging in the various political and institutional contexts. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, it attempts to elaborate a typology of digital government policies for a comparative empirical analysis of different experiences. It takes inspiration from Theodore Lowi’s policy typology (American Business and Public Policy, Case Studies and Political Theory, 1964, Four systems of Policy, Politics, and Choice, 1972) and from his assumption that ‘policies determine politics’ to understand if specific types of digital policies are capable of capturing significant features of the nature of politics, that is, of real governments, in different context and periods. Second, the proposed typology will be consider and test in relation to UE digital policies, analyzing, in particular, the EU Commission’s strategy from the Aftermath of 11th September 2001 until now. This study allows to understand the digital strategies in order to highlight emergent issues and analyze the historical transformations in this policy field. Precisely because the Internet is a global phenomenon, the distinctions are essential, and they also recover the dimension of comparative analysis in relation to the understanding of digital government that the logic of ‘cyberspace’ appears to erode.
Citation:
Amoretti, Francesco and Santaniello, Mauro. 2013. Electronic Regimes: Democracy and Geopolitical Strategies in Digital Networks. Policy and Internet, vol. 5, p. 370-386, ISSN: 1944-2866.
Abstract: From the second half of the 1980s onward, Western governments have been vigorously pursuing the implementation of digitalization policies. As a result, political institutions and administrative procedures have been progressively computerized. Even non-Western countries like China, India, and Russia have started reform processes, aiming at the creation of “virtual states.” Concurrently, developments in the Internet and related technologies have affected international relations, either heightening conflict or strengthening cooperation. E-democracy and e-government projects and policies have generated numerous case studies, leading to a solid research tradition investigating the extent to which politics have been transformed. However, theoretical development to understand the geopolitical strategies designed by states in order to control and regulate digital networks has lagged. This article analyzes the main trajectories followed by states in their digitalization processes, highlighting their constitutional and geopolitical relevance. It explores the relationships between the state and information and communication technologies and proposes a set of typologies of digital regimes.
Citation:
Francesco, Amoretti, and Fortunato Musella. 2012. "Policy and Politics of E-government. The European Experience.". Rivista Italiana di Politiche Pubbliche, (3): 321-347.
Abstract: Usually associated to the reforms to render the public administration more efficient during the nineties, and in particular to the programs for reinventing government launched by Clinton Administration, electronic government has changed its meaning and strategies once arrived in Europe, responding to the needs of a supranational entity still in construction. After analysing its main features, this article will focus on the constitutive value of such policy for the European Union. Previously concentrated on the theme of full digitalization of public services, in the course of the last decade it has focused more attention on the sharing of technical standards, organizational schemes and administrative practices. The development of Pan-European strategies, one-stop government portals and open data projects will be considered significant examples of such a trend. Thus, in a period of economic crisis and political uncertainty, the European Union finds a underevaluated terrain of institutional building.
Citation:
Amoretti, Francesco and Santaniello, Mauro. 2014. "Governing by Internet architecture" Soft Power. Revista euro-americana de teoria e historia de la politica. 1: 109-127.
Abstract: In the past thirty years, the exponential rise in the number of Internet users around the word and the intensive use of the digital networks have brought to light momentous political issues. Internet is now the object of regulations. Namely, it is a policy domain. Yet, its own architecture represents a new regulative structure, one deeply affecting politics and everyday life. This article considers some of the main transformations of the Internet induced by privatization and militarization processes, as well as their consequences on societies and human beings.
Citation:
Francesco, Amoretti ed. 2009. Electronic Constitution: Social, Cultural, and Political Implications. Hershey-New York: IGI Global.
Citation:
Francesco, Amoretti. 2007. "International Organizations ICTs Policies: E-Democracy and E-Government for Political Development." Review of Policy Research 24: 331-344.
Citation:
Francesco, Amoretti, and Fortunato Musella. 2011. "Towards the Euoropean Administrative Space. The Role of E-government Policy." European Political Science Review, (3): 35-51.

Substantive Focus:
Governance SECONDARY
Science and Technology Policy
Comparative Public Policy PRIMARY

Theoretical Focus:
Policy History
Policy Process Theory PRIMARY
Public Opinion SECONDARY

Keywords

POLITICAL COMMUNICATION PUBLIC OPINION KNOWLEDGE AND POLITICAL POWER INTERNET GOVERNANCE POLITICS OF DIGITAL INEQUALITIES DIGITAL POLICIES EUROPEAN POLITICS DEMOCRACY DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES GEOPOLITICS CYBERSPACE