Andrew P Williams

Old Dominion University
School of Public Service

1920 Tufton Court
Virginia Beach, Virginia
United States
23454 |  Visit Personal Website

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- Information utilization in policy process theories - Applications of complexity sciences in public policy - Organizational collaboration - Policy implementation - Technology and science innovation policy

Williams, A. P. (2010). Implications of operationalizing a comprehensive approach: Defining what interagency interoperability really means. The International C2 Journal, 4(1), 1-30.
Abstract: Recent experiences in the Balkans, Iraq and Afghanistan have demonstrated that these complex challenges cannot be resolved exclusively by military intervention, and are of such scale that no single agency, government or international organisation can manage them alone. A broad, international consensus has emerged that recognises the importance of coherent and simultaneous application of military, political, economic and civil instruments – known as ‘comprehensive approach’ – to resolve crisis situations. However, efforts to implement comprehensive approaches have been fraught with political and administrative challenges, and have suffered due to conceptual ambiguity in the understanding of collective endeavours. By analysing research on command and control, organisational science and public administration, a multi-dimensional model is proposed that can assist military, governmental and non-governmental agency leaders in understanding the practical details of interagency interoperability when working in collective endeavours. The NATO Network Enabled Capability interaction maturity model is extended, in order to understand the actual implications of increasing levels of cooperation on organisational structures and operational practices, in cross-organisational collective efforts. The implications of increasing interagency interoperability are thus revealed.
Williams, A. P., & Morris, J. C. (2009). Theory-based evaluation in the military: Theory on the front-line. American Journal of Evaluation, 30(1), 62-79.
Abstract: The use of theory-driven evaluation is an emerging practice in the military—an aspect generally unknown in the civilian evaluation community. First developed during the 1991 Gulf War and applied in both the Balkans and Afghanistan, these techniques are now being examined in the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) as a means to evaluate the effects of military operations in complex, asymmetric conflict environments. In spite of these practices, theory-driven evaluation in the military is still in the developmental stages. This article traces the development to date of theory-driven evaluation in NATO and assesses its strengths and weaknesses in the military context. We conclude that a cross-pollination of ideas between military and civilian evaluators is urgently needed to improve the quality and effectiveness of military evaluation.

Substantive Focus:
Defense and Security SECONDARY
International Relations
Science and Technology Policy PRIMARY

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory PRIMARY
Agenda-Setting, Adoption, and Implementation SECONDARY
Policy Analysis and Evaluation