Shannon K. Orr

Bowling Green State University
Political Science

Williams Hall
Political Science Dept. - Bowling Green State University
Bowling Green, OH

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While varied across issue areas, my substantive research interests are in the role of competing interests in the policymaking process. I have explored this theme spatially at the United Nations, Canada and the United States and in the issue areas of outer space, climate change and national parks. I am interested in how the tensions between competing interests inform and stabilize/destabilize the policymaking process. One of the key elements of democratic policymaking is the participation of organized interests. Policymakers do not operate in isolation; rather they formulate and implement policy in conjunction with organized interests. In my research I combine an institutional framework with a pluralist orientation to better study the policymaking process. Policy decision-making occurs in an arena filled with non-state actors (also called organized interests) including non-governmental organizations (NGOs), inter-governmental organizations, market-oriented actors such as corporations, and knowledge-based communities. Non-state actors play instrumental roles in policy functions such as knowledge building, policy promotion, assessment, implementation, enforcement and evaluation. The need for organized interests to work together coupled with mounting sources of tension and divergence, results simultaneously in an environment of unity and conflict. The underlying assumption of my research is that interests matter, and that the effects of interest group behaviour have social and political significance. My secondary research interest is in the use of web surveys and how web surveys can be used to create quasi-experimental research designs, and to reach new populations.

Orr, Shannon K. 2013. "Environmental Policymaking and Stakeholder Collaboration: Theory and Practice CRC Press - ASPA Series." Public Administration and Public Policy Series.
Abstract: This book provides policy makers with the keys to navigating complicated environmental issues and stakeholder negotiations. It covers theories in environmental policy making and stakeholder management, an overview of the concepts of failed versus successful process and policy, and practical guidelines and tools for the practitioner. The book also includes a number of environmental case studies which fully engage the concept of collaboration
Shannon Orr and Rebecca Weis. “Mission Rivalry: Use and Preservation Conflicts in National Parks Policy.” Public Organization Review 12:85-98.
Shannon Orr. 2011. “The Private Sector on Public Land – Policy implications of a SWOT Analysis of Banff National Park.” Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research.
Shannon Orr. 2010. “Facilitating Stakeholder Collaboration in Evaluation.” American Journal of Evaluation 31 (4):557-569.
Shannon Orr and Nichole Fifer. 2013. “The Influence of Problem Definitions on Environmental Policy Change: A Comparative Study of the Yellowstone Wildfires.” Policy Studies Journal 41(4).
Miller, Melissa and Shannon Orr. "Experimenting with a 'Third Way' in Political Knowledge Estimation." Public Opinion Quarterly 72 (4).
Orr, Shannon. 2006. "Policy Subsystems and Regimes: Organized Interests and Climate Change Policy." Policy Studies Journal 34 (2).
Archer, Candace and Shannon Orr. 2008. "Paving Paradise: A Cross-National Analysis of Protected Land Policies." Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy 4 (1).

Substantive Focus:
Environmental Policy PRIMARY

Theoretical Focus:
Policy Process Theory SECONDARY
Policy Analysis and Evaluation PRIMARY